“Just Societies: Health Equity and Dignified Lives – Report of the Commission of the Pan American Health Organization of Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas.”
Inequity lies at the very heart of poor health outcomes in the Americas and must be urgently addressed if the Region is to achieve health for all. The report proposes priority goals across a range of action areas to reduce inequities in health. According to the report, much of the Region’s poor health outcomes are determined not by biology but by social structures that perpetuate unequal access to education, decent work, income and social protection, to name just a few. The report makes 12 recommendations for action by the countries of the Americas. The recommendations as a whole propose a renewed focus on groups most left behind, a whole-of-government approach to addressing inequality, and collaboration with other sectors beyond health.
“Disaster Risk Reduction in the Philippines, Status Report (July 2019).”
In terms of disaster risk, Philippines ranked third among all of the countries with the highest risks worldwide according to the World Risk Report 2018, with index value of 25.14% (World Economic Forum, 2018). At least 60% of the country’s total land area is exposed to multiple hazards, and 74% of the population is susceptible to their impact (GFDRR, 2017). Also, as the islands are located within the “Ring of Fire” between the Eurasian and Pacific tectonic plates, earthquakes and volcanoes are posing serious risks to the safety of the populace. Flooding, landslides, droughts and tsunamis further contribute to the exposure to natural hazards (CFE-DM, 2018).
“Global Sustainable Development Report 2019 – The Future is Now: Science for Achieving Sustainable Development.”
The Global Sustainable Development Report reflects the universal, indivisible and integrated nature of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It also seeks to strengthen the science-policy interface as an evidence-based instrument to support policymakers and other stakeholders in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda across the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. It highlights state-of-the-art knowledge for transformations towards sustainable development and identifies concrete areas where rapid, transformational change is possible. It uses the latest scientific assessments, evidence bases about good practices, and scenarios that link future trajectories to current actions to identify calls to action by a range of stakeholders that can accelerate progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
“Trends in Maternal Mortality (2000 -2017).”
This report presents global, regional and country-level estimates and trends for maternal mortality between 2000 and 2017. It provides the definitions of key terms and describes the key measures relevant to maternal mortality. It also describes in detail the methodology employed to develop the estimates and presents the estimates and trends at the global, regional and country levels.
“Levels and Trends in Child Mortality – United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME), Report 2019.”
This report presents UNIGME’s latest estimates – through 2018 – of neonatal, infant and under-five mortality as well as mortality among children aged 5–14 years. It assesses progress in the reduction of child and young adolescent mortality at the country, regional and global levels, and provides an overview of the methods used to estimate the mortality indicators above.
Publisher: UN IGME
Ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030, as we committed to in the Sustainable Development Goals, will require a continuous collaborative effort. The United Nations, Governments, civil society and other partners have been working together to scale up access to health services and to halt new HIV infections. More than 23 million people living with HIV were receiving treatment in 2018.
Communities around the world are at the heart of this response―helping people to claim their rights, promoting access to stigma-free health and social services, ensuring that services reach the most vulnerable and marginalized, and pressing to change laws that discriminate. As the theme of this year’s observance rightly highlights, communities make the difference.
Yet unmet needs remain. A record 38 million people are living with HIV, and resources for the response to the epidemic declined by $1 billion last year. More than ever we need to harness the role of community-led organizations that advocate for their peers, deliver HIV services, defend human rights and provide support.
Where communities are engaged, we see change happen. We see investment lead to results. And we see equality, respect and dignity.
With communities, we can end AIDS.
by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres
“UN Climate Change Annual Report 2018.”
With the adoption of the Katowice climate package at COP 24, the world entered a new era in its collective efforts to address climate change. This Report illustrates the key achievements of the UNFCCC process and the activities of the secretariat, particularly their impact in relation to the implementation of the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. The report also summarizes the outcomes of COP and provides a look at the years ahead.
“National systems to support drinking-water, sanitation and hygiene – Global status report 2019.”
After four years of SDG implementation, globally, over 2 billion people still rely on unsafe water, and 4.2 billion use sanitation facilities that allow their excreta to leak untreated into the environment. Many of the 115 countries and territories surveyed by the 2018/2019 UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) survey are taking steps to achieve SDG 6. About half of them have set targets that aim for universal WASH coverage by 2030, and there are numerous examples of governments specifically targeting open defecation, which will have a dramatic impact on public and environmental health.
Publisher: WHO / UN Water
“MENA Generation 2030 – Investing in children and youth today to secure a prosperous region tomorrow.”
This report aims to provide an in-depth analysis of demographic projections for children, adolescents and youth in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region 5 highlighting the significant changes and exploring their implications for policy-making and programming in the areas of health, protection, education, transition to employment, civic engagement and the empowerment of girls and women in the region.
“Youth Advocacy Guide.”
This Guide intends to help us navigate through the various processes to advocate for change. It also aims to lead you through the process of advocacy, combining clear ‘how to’ steps in getting involved. It also includes inspirational stories from other young people who are striving to bring about change in their communities. These stories of triumphs and challenges, ranging from preventing child marriage to inspiring environmental activism, it reminds us that we are not alone.
“Refugees In Turkey: Livelihoods Survey Findings 2019.”
Turkey has the largest refugee population of any country in the world, with 3.6 million Syrians registered. The Livelihoods Survey was developed to provide additional evidence and inform the design of the transition from basic needs assistance to more sustainable livelihoods opportunities for refugees in Turkey. The majority of refugees are already working, however they are primarily working informally with unreliable access to work and low wages. This survey is representative of the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) applicants within the 19 provinces included in the survey. This is equivalent to a total of 413,025 households, including approximately 2.4 million people.
Publisher: WFP/Turk Kizilay
“UNICEF Supply Annual Report 2018.”
Procuring supplies for children is not as simple as buying products off the shelf: it requires a complex orchestration of efforts among many partners. In 2018, UNICEF procured $3.486 billion worth of goods and services from over 11,000 businesses. The report highlights achievements on strategies employed to accomplish shared value for children. It also draws attention to the opportunities where further value can be created for children and young people.
“Child Labour in Agriculture: The demand side (Lebanon).”
Worldwide, agriculture comprises the largest share of child labour. Agriculture has been identified by the ILO as one of the three most dangerous sectors, together with construction and mining. In 2013, a National Action Plan (NAP) was developed to eliminate the worst forms of child labour by 2016 in Lebanon. This study examines the characteristics and working conditions of children aged between 5 and 17 years who are working in the agriculture sector in Lebanon. The research was based on (1) a desk review; (2) a survey of 422 farmers who employ children; and (3) in-depth interviews with 90 participants, including farmers who employ children, and children who work on farms.
“World Drug Report 2019 Exec Summary.”
In 2017, an estimated 271 million people, or 5.5 per cent of the global population aged 15–64, had used drugs in the previous year. The Report 2019 aims to shed light on the world drug problem and inform international community responses. The findings of this year’s World Drug Report will fill in and further complicate the global picture of drug challenges, underscoring the need for broader international cooperation to advance balanced and integrated health and criminal justice responses to drug supply and demand.
“FAO framework on rural extreme poverty – Towards reaching Target 1.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals.”
The Rural Extreme Poverty Framework of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is the outcome of an extensive internal and external discussion on the strategic role of FAO in supporting its Member Countries to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Recognizing this, the Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty has been established to orient the relevant work of the Organization towards reaching Target 1.1 of the SDGs.
“Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2018.”
The global population of forcibly displaced increased by 2.3 million people in 2018. By the end of the year, almost 70.8 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations. As a result, the world’s forcibly displaced population remained yet again at a record high.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is the world’s blueprint for a better future for all on a healthy planet.
On World Population Day, we recognize that this mission is closely interrelated with demographic trends including population growth, ageing, migration and urbanization.
While the world’s population overall continues to increase, this growth is uneven. For many of the world’s least developed countries, the challenges to sustainable development are compounded by rapid population growth as well as vulnerability to climate change. Other countries are facing the challenge of ageing populations, including the need to promote healthy active ageing and to provide adequate social protection. As the world continues to urbanize, with 68% of the world population projected to live in urban areas by 2050, sustainable development and climate change will increasingly depend on the successful management of urban growth.
“2018 Near East and North Africa Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition: Rural Transformation – Key for Sustainable Development in the Near East and North Africa.”
Hunger is worsening in the Near East and North Africa region, continuing a trend since 2011–2013. This report explores the relationships between food insecurity, economic growth and rural transformation. A review of SDG 2 indicators in the NENA countries reveals that improvements in hunger, food security and nutrition are positively associated with the degree of rural transformation. This year’s Regional Overview brings into focus how policies aimed at rural transformation can potentially lead to higher levels of agricultural production, better food security and nutrition outcomes, and reinvigorated labour intensive growth of the economy
“Socioeconomic and Data challenges Disaster Risk Reduction in Europe.”
There are key elements in Disaster risk reduction that play a major role: the need to ensure stakeholders interoperability through an efficient exchange of data, and; the inclusion of socioeconomic factors which may influence disaster risk reduction processes. This report would support national authorities and DRR stakeholders in the continued implementation of the Sendai Framework. Based on national briefs, surveys and interviews, the report stresses the following recommendations for public authorities and relevant stakeholders
“Food Outlook – Biannual Report on Global Food Markets, May 2019.”
Food markets in 2019/20 are bracing for some additional uncertainties. Although, prospects point to generally well supplied markets, which is seen to contribute to a lower food import bill in 2019.