Author Archives: jeremyarevalo

New UN Publications: January 2020

“World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2020.”
Impacted by prolonged trade disputes, the global economy suffered its lowest growth in a decade, slipping to 2.3 per cent in 2019. The world, however, could see a slight uptick in economic activity in 2020 if risks are kept at bay, according to the United Nations World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2020.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UN DESA
ISBN: 978-92-1-109181-6
pp. 215



“Saving lives and reducing suffering: WHO’s work in emergency response operations in the who African Region in 2018 – Emergency Operations Annual Report.”
Every year, more than 100 public health emergencies are reported to WHO by Member States, of which 80% are of infectious origin. In the year under review, 162 public health emergencies were reported to and monitored by WHO. Of this number, 142 were disease outbreaks and 20 were humanitarian crises. Of these events, 50 resulted in further action by WHO, including grading and provision of technical and operational support.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WHO
pp. 43



“Every child counts: Using gender data to drive results for children.”
Gender-disaggregated data on children’s first two decades in life enables us to assess whether we are achieving equal outcomes for boys and girls. This data is crucial in highlighting progress, but also for identifying gaps and areas where increased efforts are needed. This brief describes the principles of UNICEF’s approach to gender data and statistics. Furthermore, it presents recommendations on the next steps to improve gender data for children.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
pp. 32



“Guidance for Collaborative Procurement for Humanitarian Cash Transfers.”
The purpose of this ‘Guidance for Collaborative Procurement for Humanitarian Cash Transfers’ (this “Guidance”) is to support collaborative procurement options for humanitarian cash transfer services. This Guidance aims to clarify the acceptability of and to encourage the agencies to pursue collaborative procurement in their respective operations for humanitarian cash transfers.

Bibliographic info:
pp. 24



“Mixed Migration Flows in the Mediterranean – Compilation of Available Data and Information November 2019.”
A total of 117,904 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe through different land and sea routes between January and November 2019, 12 per cent less than the same period of 2018 when 133,655 sea and land arrivals were reported, 34 per cent less than the 178,232 arrivals registered in this period of 2017 and 68 per cent less than the 373,260 registered during this period in 2016.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM
pp. 41



“Decentralized Evaluation: USDA McGovern Dole Food for Education Program in Nepal 2014-2017, End-line Evaluation Report.”
The objective of evaluation is to evaluate the key results areas of Food for Education Programme (FFEP) – learning outcomes and health and nutrition outcomes. The overall evaluation suggests the School Meal Program (SMP) has been a driving force behind increasing school enrolment and continues to be so. However, the last phase of the programme contributed much towards not only ensuring school enrolment but largely on enhancing quality education service delivery.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WFP
pp. 107



New UN Publications: December 2019

“Global Humanitarian Overview 2020.”
In 2019, donors provided a record $16 billion for inter-agency appeals between January and November 2019. Yet, compliance with international law is declining. Armed conflicts are killing and maiming a record number of children. Women and girls are at higher risk of sexual and gender-based violence. One in five people living in conflict areas has a mental health condition. In 2020, nearly 168 million people will need humanitarian assistance and protection. This represents one in about 45 people in the world, and is the highest figure in decades. The United Nations and partner organizations aim to assist nearly 109 million of the most vulnerable people. This will require funding of $28.8 billion.
ABRIDGED version

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNOCHA
pp. 87



“Climate Action Report 2019.”
The Climate Action Report 2019 provides an overview of IFAD’s work on climate change and reports on progress, challenges and achievements in every work area where climate is accounted for within IFAD’s efforts towards improving the livelihoods of poor rural people. This year’s report highlights how climate change effects are considered and acted upon within the IFAD project cycle. It starts at the inception of developing country strategies and continues through the design, implementation and financing of projects to the assessment of impacts.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IFAD
ISBN: 978-92-9072-956-3
pp. 89



“Emissions Gap Report 2019: Global progress report on climate action.”
The Emissions Gap Report 2019 shows that we are on the brink of missing the 1.5°C target and condemning humanity to a future of serious climate change impacts. Countries cannot wait until they submit their updated Paris pledges in one year’s time to act. They need to do much more, starting now. Cities, regions, businesses and individuals must all play their part too. We simply cannot afford inaction. For ourselves, for our countries, for our future.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNEP
ISBN: 978-92-807-3766-0
pp. 81


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New UN Publications: November 2019

“World Migration Report 2020.”
The World Migration Report 2020, the tenth in the world migration report series, has been produced to contribute to increased understanding of migration throughout the world. This new edition presents key data and information on migration as well as thematic chapters on highly topical migration issues, and is structured to focus on two key contributions for readers: Part I: key information on migration and migrants (including migration-related statistics); and Part II: balanced, evidence-based analysis of complex and emerging migration issues.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM
ISBN: 978-92-9068-789-4
pp. 475



“Parliaments as partners supporting the Women, Peace and Security Agenda.”
The women, peace and security agenda remain critically important in a world that grapples with complex conflict. Women suffered a range of harms, from sexual and gender-based violence inflicted by combatants, to the loss of their spouses and families, to the loss of their livelihoods and personal autonomy. The participation of parliaments in efforts to support the women, peace and security agenda has been variable, with many parliaments either unaware of or uninvolved in national implementation efforts. This Handbook seeks to provide guidance to parliamentarians on their role in supporting the UNSCR 1325 agenda.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDP
pp. 51



“Addressing Climate-Fragility Risks.”
This climate-fragility risks guidance note seeks to inform the development and implementation of strategies, policies, or projects that seek to build resilience by linking climate change adaptation, peacebuilding, and sustainable livelihoods. It recommends a two-step approach to build resilience to climate-fragility risks. Throughout the note, checklists and guiding questions help readers put these concepts and approaches into action. In addition, a separate monitoring and evaluation (M&E) note provides guidance for measuring the effectiveness of these efforts; and a toolbox lists further reading and additional tools.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNEP
pp. [70]



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Statement by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet, 10 December 2019

GENEVA (9 December 2019) – This has been a year of tremendous activism – notably by young people. It is particularly fitting that this year we mark Human Rights Day during the crucial UN conference in Madrid to uphold climate justice. We owe a debt of gratitude to all those millions of children, teenagers and young adults who have been standing up and speaking out more and more loudly about the crisis facing our planet.

Rightly, these young people are pointing out that it is their future which is at stake, and the future of all those who have not yet even been born. It is they who will have to bear the full consequences of the actions, or lack of action, by the older generations who currently run governments and businesses, the decision-makers on whom the future of individual countries, regions and the planet as whole depends.

It cannot, of course, be left to young people alone to tackle the climate emergency, or indeed the many other human rights crises that are currently causing simultaneous turbulence in so many countries across the world. All of us must stand together, in solidarity, and act with principle and urgency.

We can, and must, uphold the painstakingly developed universal human rights principles that sustain peace, justice and sustainable development. A world with diminished human rights is a world that is stepping backwards into a darker past, when the powerful could prey on the powerless with little or no moral or legal restraint.

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New UN Publications: October 2019

“Just Societies: Health Equity and Dignified Lives – Report of the Commission of the Pan American Health Organization of Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas.”
Inequity lies at the very heart of poor health outcomes in the Americas and must be urgently addressed if the Region is to achieve health for all. The report proposes priority goals across a range of action areas to reduce inequities in health. According to the report, much of the Region’s poor health outcomes are determined not by biology but by social structures that perpetuate unequal access to education, decent work, income and social protection, to name just a few. The report makes 12 recommendations for action by the countries of the Americas. The recommendations as a whole propose a renewed focus on groups most left behind, a whole-of-government approach to addressing inequality, and collaboration with other sectors beyond health.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WHO
ISBN: 978-92-75-12126-9
pp. 304



“Disaster Risk Reduction in the Philippines, Status Report (July 2019).”
In terms of disaster risk, Philippines ranked third among all of the countries with the highest risks worldwide according to the World Risk Report 2018, with index value of 25.14% (World Economic Forum, 2018). At least 60% of the country’s total land area is exposed to multiple hazards, and 74% of the population is susceptible to their impact (GFDRR, 2017). Also, as the islands are located within the “Ring of Fire” between the Eurasian and Pacific tectonic plates, earthquakes and volcanoes are posing serious risks to the safety of the populace. Flooding, landslides, droughts and tsunamis further contribute to the exposure to natural hazards (CFE-DM, 2018).
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDRR
pp. 31



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New UN Publications: September 2019

“Global Sustainable Development Report 2019 – The Future is Now: Science for Achieving Sustainable Development.”
The Global Sustainable Development Report reflects the universal, indivisible and integrated nature of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It also seeks to strengthen the science-policy interface as an evidence-based instrument to support policymakers and other stakeholders in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda across the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. It highlights state-of-the-art knowledge for transformations towards sustainable development and identifies concrete areas where rapid, transformational change is possible. It uses the latest scientific assessments, evidence bases about good practices, and scenarios that link future trajectories to current actions to identify calls to action by a range of stakeholders that can accelerate progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDESA
pp. 216



“Trends in Maternal Mortality (2000 -2017).”
This report presents global, regional and country-level estimates and trends for maternal mortality between 2000 and 2017. It provides the definitions of key terms and describes the key measures relevant to maternal mortality. It also describes in detail the methodology employed to develop the estimates and presents the estimates and trends at the global, regional and country levels.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WHO
ISBN: 978-92-4-151648-8
pp. 104



“Levels and Trends in Child Mortality – United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME), Report 2019.”
This report presents UNIGME’s latest estimates – through 2018 – of neonatal, infant and under-five mortality as well as mortality among children aged 5–14 years. It assesses progress in the reduction of child and young adolescent mortality at the country, regional and global levels, and provides an overview of the methods used to estimate the mortality indicators above.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UN IGME
pp. 50

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UN Secretary-General’s Message on World AIDS Day, 1 December 2019

Ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030, as we committed to in the Sustainable Development Goals, will require a continuous collaborative effort. The United Nations, Governments, civil society and other partners have been working together to scale up access to health services and to halt new HIV infections. More than 23 million people living with HIV were receiving treatment in 2018.

Communities around the world are at the heart of this response―helping people to claim their rights, promoting access to stigma-free health and social services, ensuring that services reach the most vulnerable and marginalized, and pressing to change laws that discriminate.  As the theme of this year’s observance rightly highlights, communities make the difference.

Yet unmet needs remain. A record 38 million people are living with HIV, and resources for the response to the epidemic declined by $1 billion last year. More than ever we need to harness the role of community-led organizations that advocate for their peers, deliver HIV services, defend human rights and provide support.

Where communities are engaged, we see change happen. We see investment lead to results. And we see equality, respect and dignity.

With communities, we can end AIDS.

by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres


New UN Publications: August 2019

“UN Climate Change Annual Report 2018.”
With the adoption of the Katowice climate package at COP 24, the world entered a new era in its collective efforts to address climate change. This Report illustrates the key achievements of the UNFCCC process and the activities of the secretariat, particularly their impact in relation to the implementation of the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. The report also summarizes the outcomes of COP and provides a look at the years ahead.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNHCR
ISBN: 978-92-9219-184-9
pp. 58



“National systems to support drinking-water, sanitation and hygiene – Global status report 2019.”
After four years of SDG implementation, globally, over 2 billion people still rely on unsafe water, and 4.2 billion use sanitation facilities that allow their excreta to leak untreated into the environment. Many of the 115 countries and territories surveyed by the 2018/2019 UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) survey are taking steps to achieve SDG 6. About half of them have set targets that aim for universal WASH coverage by 2030, and there are numerous examples of governments specifically targeting open defecation, which will have a dramatic impact on public and environmental health.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WHO / UN Water
ISBN: 978-92-4-151629-7
pp. 121



“MENA Generation 2030 – Investing in children and youth today to secure a prosperous region tomorrow.”
This report aims to provide an in-depth analysis of demographic projections for children, adolescents and youth in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region 5 highlighting the significant changes and exploring their implications for policy-making and programming in the areas of health, protection, education, transition to employment, civic engagement and the empowerment of girls and women in the region.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
pp. 110


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Message of the United Nations Resident Coordinator in the Philippines on United Nations Day 2019












I would like to express my sincere appreciation to the Department of Foreign Affairs for coming together with us at the United Nations, in this traditional celebration of UN Day here in Manila.  A special thank you to Foreign Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jr for taking time from his very busy schedule to join in person [alt who represents him].  And thank you to all our guests for contributing to this evening with your presence.  To SM for allowing us to use this beautiful hall at no cost, and last but certainly not least, to my colleagues who have worked very hard with our friends and colleagues in DFA to prepare this evening for us.

Tonight, is a celebration of the 74th anniversary of the ratification of the UN Charter, on 24 October 1945.  This of course followed the conclusion of the San Francisco conference on 26 June the same year with the signing of the Charter by 50 of its 51 charter members (Poland would sign two months later), and with the Philippines as a Charter member represented by the Honorable Carlos P. Romulo – who later went on to become the President of the fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly in 1949 to 1950!

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New UN Publications: July 2019

“Youth Advocacy Guide.”
This Guide intends to help us navigate through the various processes to advocate for change. It also aims to lead you through the process of advocacy, combining clear ‘how to’ steps in getting involved. It also includes inspirational stories from other young people who are striving to bring about change in their communities. These stories of triumphs and challenges, ranging from preventing child marriage to inspiring environmental activism, it reminds us that we are not alone.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
pp. 51



“Refugees In Turkey: Livelihoods Survey Findings 2019.”
Turkey has the largest refugee population of any country in the world, with 3.6 million Syrians registered. The Livelihoods Survey was developed to provide additional evidence and inform the design of the transition from basic needs assistance to more sustainable livelihoods opportunities for refugees in Turkey. The majority of refugees are already working, however they are primarily working informally with unreliable access to work and low wages. This survey is representative of the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) applicants within the 19 provinces included in the survey. This is equivalent to a total of 413,025 households, including approximately 2.4 million people.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WFP/Turk Kizilay
pp. 46




“UNICEF Supply Annual Report 2018.”
Procuring supplies for children is not as simple as buying products off the shelf: it requires a complex orchestration of efforts among many partners. In 2018, UNICEF procured $3.486 billion worth of goods and services from over 11,000 businesses. The report highlights achievements on strategies employed to accomplish shared value for children. It also draws attention to the opportunities where further value can be created for children and young people.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
pp. 119




“Child Labour in Agriculture: The demand side (Lebanon).”
Worldwide, agriculture comprises the largest share of child labour. Agriculture has been identified by the ILO as one of the three most dangerous sectors, together with construction and mining. In 2013, a National Action Plan (NAP) was developed to eliminate the worst forms of child labour by 2016 in Lebanon. This study examines the characteristics and working conditions of children aged between 5 and 17 years who are working in the agriculture sector in Lebanon. The research was based on (1) a desk review; (2) a survey of 422 farmers who employ children; and (3) in-depth interviews with 90 participants, including farmers who employ children, and children who work on farms.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO/UNICEF
ISBN: 978-92-5-131252-0
pp. 65