“The Power of Choice: Reproductive Rights and the Demographic Transition; State of World Population 2018.”
Your choices can change the world. The power to choose the number, timing and spacing of children can bolster economic and social development. The global trend towards smaller families is a reflection of people making reproductive choices. The report found that no country can claim that all of its citizens enjoy reproductive rights at all times. The unmet need for modern contraception prevents hundreds of millions of women from choosing smaller families. The report classifies all countries in the world by the current dynamics of their populations’ fertility. It also makes specific recommendations for policies and programmes that would help each country increase reproductive choices.
“World Economic and Social Survey 2018: Technologies for Sustainable Development.”
The World Economic and Social Survey is the flagship publication on major development issues. This year’s survey presents a case for harnessing frontier technologies to achieve the shared vision of sustainable development. The survey highlights a few of the remaining challenges for the planet, people and prosperity to achieve sustainable development. It also discusses the promises and challenges of a few frontier technologies in developed country contexts while highlighting the development divide—particularly the technological divide—that many low-income and vulnerable countries face in adopting frontier technologies.
Publisher: UN DESA
“The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018.”
Jointly produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, UNICEF, the World Food Programme and the World Health Organization, this report monitors progress towards the targets of ending hunger (SDG Target 2.1) and all forms of malnutrition (SDG Target 2.2) by 2030. The 2018 edition highlights emerging challenges to food and nutrition security, and issues an urgent appeal to scale up the resilience and adaptive capacity of communities facing climate variability.
Publisher: FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP, WHO
“Antimicrobial Resistance Policy Review and Development Framework.”
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a long-standing global health concern. This Policy Review and Development Framework is for government policy-makers and officials and other stakeholders in AMR and AMU (antimicrobial use) policy for food-animal production within a One Health approach. It offers a practical guide for countries to systematically identify, assess, and strengthen AMR and AMU policies. The Framework is designed to help countries review their national policies and provides examples from countries that facilitate effective national responses to AMR.
“Child marriage: A mapping of programmes and partners in twelve countries in East and Southern Africa.”
Child marriage can have devastating consequences for individual girls and their future children. This report presents the results of a mapping of programmes and partnerships that seek to prevent and mitigate the effects of child marriage in East and Southern Africa. The mapping was guided by the results framework used in the UNFPA-UNICEF Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage. The framework focuses on five outcomes that are designed to create integrated and systematic programme interventions.
“Capture the moment.”
WHO and UNICEF recommend that children initiate breastfeeding within the first hour of birth and be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life – meaning no other foods or liquids are provided, including water. This report presents the global situation of early initiation of breastfeeding and describes trends over the past ten years. The report also outlines key learnings from countries where rates of early initiation have improved or deteriorated and concludes with recommendations for policy and programmatic action.
Publisher: WHO / UNICEF
“Climate Economy report 2018: Unlocking the inclusive growth story of the 21st century”
We are entering a new era of economic growth. This Report is a roadmap for how we can accelerate action to turn better growth and a better climate into reality. This new growth story draws direction from the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement. It highlights opportunities in five key economic systems—energy, cities, food and land use, water, and industry – chosen because of their transformative importance in driving growth, meeting development objectives and supporting climate action. This new growth agenda will deliver higher productivity, more resilient economies and greater
social inclusion. This approach can deliver growth that is strong, sustainable, balanced, and inclusive.
“The State of the World’s Forests 2018.”
This edition of The State of the World’s Forests is aimed at enhancing our understanding of how forests and their sustainable management contribute to achieving several of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report identifies actions that can be taken to increase the contributions of forests and trees that are necessary to accelerate progress towards the SDGs. It is now critical that steps be taken to work more effectively with the private sector, and the informal forest sector must be transformed to bring broader economic, social and environmental benefits. For the first time, The State of the World’s Forests 2018 provides an assessment of the contribution of forests and trees to our landscapes and livelihoods. The purpose of this publication is to provide a much wider audience with an understanding of why forests and trees matter for people, the planet and posterity.
“2018 Report on the World Social Situation (RWSS).”
The Report on the World Social Situation 2018 shows that each of these groups faces particular barriers to social protection coverage. It contends that inclusive social protection systems must guarantee access to a minimum set of tax-financed schemes. It explains why universal schemes are better at reaching disadvantaged groups than schemes targeted at them and considers how social protection programmes should be implemented in order to avoid excluding people in need.
“FAO Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture.”
The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture through FAO provides a quarterly forward-looking analysis of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture. It highlights potential new emergencies resulting from imminent disaster threats; and new developments in countries already affected by protracted crises which are likely to cause a further deterioration of food insecurity.
“World Drug Report 2018.”
The non-medical use of prescription drugs is becoming a major threat to public health and law enforcement. The findings this year show that drug markets are expanding, with cocaine and opium production hitting absolute record highs, presenting multiple challenges on multiple fronts. The Report provides a global overview of the supply and demand of opiates, cocaine, cannabis, amphetamine-type stimulants and new psychoactive substances (NPS), as well as their impact on health. It highlights the different drug use patterns and vulnerabilities of particular age and gender groups, and highlights the shift in the global drug market.
“Global Study on Smuggling of Migrants 2018.”
At least 2.5 million migrants were smuggled in 2016, according to the first Global Study on Smuggling of Migrants released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The study describes 30 major smuggling routes worldwide and finds that demand for smuggling services is particularly high among refugees who, for lack of other means, may need to use smugglers to reach a safe destination fleeing their origin countries. Data suggests that many smuggling flows include unaccompanied or separated children, who might be particularly vulnerable to deception and abuse by smugglers and others. The study also looks at the gender composition and the links between smugglers and migrants.
“More people, more food, worse water? A global review of water pollution from agriculture.”
Water pollution is a global challenge that has increased in both developed and developing countries. This publication provides an analysis of problems and options for improvement. It is structured using the Drivers, Pressures, State, Impact, Response (DPSIR) model. The framework has been used to formulate a number of relevant policies for pollution control. The framework also provides a structure within which to present indicators needed to enable feedback to policy-makers on environmental quality and the impact of certain policy choices.
Publisher: FAO / IWMI
“Start Free Stay Free AIDS Free — 2017 progress report.”
This progress report reflects achievements made during the first year of implementation (through December 2016), as countries have taken actions in line with new or existing national strategies. The most recent data on country progress in 2016 are based on country-reported data and country-developed models using Spectrum software that were reported to UNAIDS in 2017.
“Land resource planning for sustainable land management.”
Current and emerging needs in land resource planning for food security, sustainable livelihoods, integrated landscape management and restoration.
“Global education monitoring report gender review 2018: Meeting our commitments to gender equality in education.”
Signing up to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development commits countries to leave no one behind. The Gender Review looks at who should be called to account when gender inequality in education prevails. The review’s first part examines disparities in participation and skills, in education and political leadership positions, and in selected aspects of infrastructure and curricula. It also examines gender issues in professional development by exploring the role of education in three other SDGs: those concerning agriculture, health, and water and sanitation. The second part of the review analyses institutions, laws and policies to explore ways to determine and enforce accountability for gender equality in education.
“Words into Action guideline: Implementation guide for local disaster risk reduction and resilience strategies.”
This Guide responds to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015- 2030 (Sendai Framework) concern that more dedicated action needs to be focused on tackling underlying disaster risk drivers and strengthening good governance in disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies, at all levels and across sectors and actors. The Guide advises local governments (authorities, planners and managers at city or other sub-national levels) on the mechanisms for developing and implementing a holistic and integrated DRR strategy that contributes to building resilience at the local level. It outlines what a local DRR and resilience strategy should look like, and what is needed to create and implement one.
“Global Report on Food Crises 2018.”
In 2017, almost 124 million people across 51 countries and territories faced Crisis levels of acute food insecurity or worse. When comparing the 45 countries, there has been an increase of 11 million people in need of urgent action, an 11 percent rise from 2016. Extreme climate events – mainly drought – were also major triggers of food crises in 23 countries with over 39 million food-insecure people in need of urgent assistance in 2017. The short-term outlook for 2018 suggests conflict will also remain a primary driver of food insecurity in major emergencies. A comparison of 2016 and 2017 shows that more people need support and for longer periods. Young children and pregnant and breastfeeding women are extremely vulnerable in emergencies and their nutritional status must be protected to prevent malnutrition and guarantee survival.
“Turning promises into action: Gender equality in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.”
The report demonstrates through concrete evidence and data the pervasive nature of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere, and puts forth actionable recommendations on how to fulfill the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Publisher: UN Women
“Countdown to 2030: Tracking progress towards universal coverage for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health.”
This is the first Countdown report in the context of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development and the Every Woman Every Child Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent’s Health (2016–2030). It synthesizes data on the current situation and trends in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health and nutrition from a wide array of sources, including the profiles on the 81 Countdown priority countries, which together account for 95% of maternal deaths and 90% of deaths among children under age 5. The 2017 report begins with a summary of results from the 81 country profiles and other data sources, and closes with two-page country profiles for each of the 81 countries. It takes a critical look at how far Countdown countries are from universal coverage for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition and highlights possible solutions for addressing gaps.
Bangkok (ESCAP News) – Mobilizing financing for development remains a fundamental priority in the Asia-Pacific region. The robust growth registered by the region in 2017 and promising prospects for this year provides the opportunity to meet this objective, according to a major United Nations report launched in Bangkok today. Taking advantage of the current favorable economic conditions, economies need to address vulnerabilities and enhance their resilience, inclusiveness and sustainability. Implementation of several policy initiatives to achieve this transformation will require mobilizing domestic public financial resources and leveraging private capital, the report noted.
According to the annual Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific, developing economies are estimated to have sustained a relatively high economic growth rate of 5.8 per cent in 2017 compared with 5.4 per cent in 2016. About two thirds of the regional economies, accounting for more than 80 per cent of the region’s GDP, achieved faster economic growth in 2017 than in the previous year.
“World Economic Situation & Prospects 2018.”
The world economy has strengthened as lingering fragilities related to the global financial crisis subside. In 2017, global economic growth reached 3 per cent—the highest growth rate since 2011—and growth is expected to remain steady for the coming year. The improved global economic situation provides an opportunity for countries to focus policy towards longer-term issues such as low carbon economic growth, reducing inequalities, economic diversification and eliminating deep-rooted barriers that hinder development.
“The State of the World’s Children 2017: Children in a digital world.”
As the debate about whether the internet is safe for children rages, The State of the World’s Children 2017: Children in a Digital World discusses how digital access can be a game changer for children or yet another dividing line. The report represents the first comprehensive look from UNICEF at the different ways digital technology is affecting children, identifying dangers as well as opportunities. It makes a clear call to governments, the digital technology sector and telecom industries to level the digital playing field for children by creating policies, practices and products that can help children harness digital opportunities and protect them from harm.