“Just Societies: Health Equity and Dignified Lives – Report of the Commission of the Pan American Health Organization of Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas.”
Inequity lies at the very heart of poor health outcomes in the Americas and must be urgently addressed if the Region is to achieve health for all. The report proposes priority goals across a range of action areas to reduce inequities in health. According to the report, much of the Region’s poor health outcomes are determined not by biology but by social structures that perpetuate unequal access to education, decent work, income and social protection, to name just a few. The report makes 12 recommendations for action by the countries of the Americas. The recommendations as a whole propose a renewed focus on groups most left behind, a whole-of-government approach to addressing inequality, and collaboration with other sectors beyond health.
“Disaster Risk Reduction in the Philippines, Status Report (July 2019).”
In terms of disaster risk, Philippines ranked third among all of the countries with the highest risks worldwide according to the World Risk Report 2018, with index value of 25.14% (World Economic Forum, 2018). At least 60% of the country’s total land area is exposed to multiple hazards, and 74% of the population is susceptible to their impact (GFDRR, 2017). Also, as the islands are located within the “Ring of Fire” between the Eurasian and Pacific tectonic plates, earthquakes and volcanoes are posing serious risks to the safety of the populace. Flooding, landslides, droughts and tsunamis further contribute to the exposure to natural hazards (CFE-DM, 2018).