New UN Publications: June 2019

“World Drug Report 2019 Exec Summary.”
In 2017, an estimated 271 million people, or 5.5 per cent of the global population aged 15–64, had used drugs in the previous year. The Report 2019 aims to shed light on the world drug problem and inform international community responses. The findings of this year’s World Drug Report will fill in and further complicate the global picture of drug challenges, underscoring the need for broader international cooperation to advance balanced and integrated health and criminal justice responses to drug supply and demand.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNODC
ISBN: 978-92-1-148314-7
pp. 53

 

 

“FAO framework on rural extreme poverty – Towards reaching Target 1.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals.”
The Rural Extreme Poverty Framework of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is the outcome of an extensive internal and external discussion on the strategic role of FAO in supporting its Member Countries to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Recognizing this, the Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty has been established to orient the relevant work of the Organization towards reaching Target 1.1 of the SDGs.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-131506-4
pp. 46

 

 

“Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2018.”
The global population of forcibly displaced increased by 2.3 million people in 2018. By the end of the year, almost 70.8 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations. As a result, the world’s forcibly displaced population remained yet again at a record high.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNHCR
pp. 75

 

 

Continue reading

Second chances

By Ola Almgren

In 2002, 19-year-old Radam Jalani, who lived in the small seaside village of Mercedes in Zamboanga City, was resigned to being a seaweed farmer for the rest of his life. When he was 12 years old, Radam’s father asked him to quit school to help his family scrape out a living from planting seaweed. The 10 years that followed stretched out like a lifetime for Radam, taking him farther and farther away from school. And yet, just six years after contemplating a future he thought he could not escape, Radam began to live the life he had chosen for himself.

Radam returned to school. As a teacher.

Continue reading

IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land

Land is a Critical Resource, IPCC report says
It is under pressure from humans and climate change, but it is part of the solution

GENEVA, Aug 8 – Land is already under growing human pressure and climate change is adding to these pressures. At the same time, keeping global warming to well below 2oC can be achieved only by reducing greenhouse gas emissions from all sectors including land and food, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said in its latest report on Thursday.

The IPCC, the world body for assessing the state of scientific knowledge related to climate change, its impacts and potential future risks, and possible response options, saw the Summary for Policymakers of the Special Report on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL) approved by the world’s governments on Wednesday in Geneva, Switzerland.

It will be a key scientific input into forthcoming climate and environment negotiations, such as the Conference of the Parties of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (COP14) in New Delhi, India in September and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference (COP25) in Santiago, Chile, in December.

“Governments challenged the IPCC to take the first ever comprehensive look at the whole land- climate system. We did this through many contributions from experts and governments worldwide. This is the first time in IPCC report history that a majority of authors – 53% – are from developing countries,” said Hoesung Lee, Chair of the IPCC.

This report shows that better land management can contribute to tackling climate change, but is not the only solution. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from all sectors is essential if global warming is to be kept to well below 2oC, if not 1.5oC.

Continue reading

UN Secretary-General’s Message on the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, 9 August 2019

UN Photo

This year marks the International Year of Indigenous Languages, declared by the United Nations General Assembly to draw attention to the urgent need to preserve, revitalize and promote indigenous languages.

Languages are how we communicate, and they are inextricably linked to our cultures, histories and identity.  Almost half of the world’s estimated 6,700 languages – of which most are indigenous — are in danger of disappearing.  With every language that disappears, the world loses a wealth of traditional knowledge.

There are an estimated 370 million indigenous people in the world.  A significant proportion still lack basic rights, with systematic discrimination and exclusion continuing to threaten ways of life, cultures and identities.  This is contrary to the intent of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with its promise to leave no one behind.

I count on Member States to engage and support indigenous peoples in determining their own development through policies that are inclusive, equitable and accessible.  The United Nations stands ready to support all initiatives aimed at realizing the rights and aspirations of indigenous peoples.

Read about the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples

 

UN Secretary-General’s Message on World Population Day, 11 July 2019

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is the world’s blueprint for a better future for all on a healthy planet.

On World Population Day, we recognize that this mission is closely interrelated with demographic trends including population growth, ageing, migration and urbanization.

While the world’s population overall continues to increase, this growth is uneven. For many of the world’s least developed countries, the challenges to sustainable development are compounded by rapid population growth as well as vulnerability to climate change. Other countries are facing the challenge of ageing populations, including the need to promote healthy active ageing and to provide adequate social protection. As the world continues to urbanize, with 68% of the world population projected to live in urban areas by 2050, sustainable development and climate change will increasingly depend on the successful management of urban growth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continue reading

UN Philippines joins Pride March for LGBTQI rights

 

Manila, 29 June–Staff members of the United Nations (UN) in the Philippines, led by the UN Resident Coordinator in the country, Ola Almgren, joined the Metro Manila Pride March and Festival today in support of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) Filipinos.

The UN contingent participated under the banner of two UN campaigns for LGBTQI equality: UN Free & Equal and UN Globe. UN Free & Equal is a public information campaign while UN Globe is a UN staff initiative to advocate for the equality and non-discrimination of LGBTQI staff in the UN system and its peacekeeping operations. Both campaigns reinforce the UN Philippines system’s commitment to stand in solidarity with LGBTQI Filipinos, their families, friends and allies, in their pursuit of diversity, inclusion and pride.

“The UN is committed to action,” Almgren said. “We work with decision makers, human rights institutions and community leaders to change discriminatory laws and to put legal protections in place.”

The UN Philippines commends the cities and provinces in the Philippines that have adopted and are implementing ordinances that prohibit discrimination on the basis of a person’s sexual orientation and gender identity and expression (SOGIE). However, these local government units (LGUs) are still in the minority. Only 21 of the 1,634 cities and municipalities and six out of the 81 provinces in the Philippines have anti-discrimination ordinances (ADOs). This leaves 79.2% of Filipinos, or close to 80 million people, without protection against SOGIE-based discrimination.

The UN Philippines therefore affirms its support for the LGBTQI community’s call for the passage of the SOGIE Equality Bill and urges renewed efforts to push for its enactment by the 18th session of Congress.

“We have momentum on our side. But we need to come together to address the remaining challenges,” Almgren said.

See photos of the event: https://bit.ly/2IYfdzf

Read the UN Resident Coordinator’s op-ed, “The UN stands with Pride”: https://bit.ly/2KPf2s8

The United Nations stands with Pride

by Ola Almgren*

This Pride Month, the United Nations (UN) in the Philippines stands in solidarity with the community of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) Filipinos, their families, friends and allies in their pursuit of equality, inclusion and pride.

The struggle for the rights of LGBTQI people is a core part of the struggle for the full and equal enjoyment of human rights by all.

The very first article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaims that, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”

All human beings – not some, not most, but all.

Continue reading

UN Secretary-General’s Message on the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, 26 June 2019

The world drug problem is one of the most challenging issues we face. It has wide-ranging impacts on the health and well-being of individuals, families and communities, as well as on the security and sustainable development of nations.

Therefore, preventing and addressing drug challenges in all their complexity is essential to delivering on a fundamental global pledge, enshrined in the Sustainable Development Goals: to leave no one behind.

National priorities may differ, but the international community shares a common goal to protect people’s security and well-being, while striving for the progress and dignity of all.

I welcome the theme of this International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking – “health for justice, justice for health” – underlining the importance of a holistic approach involving health, human rights, criminal justice and social service institutions.

This comprehensive response guided the drug policy launched by my government when I was Prime Minister of Portugal two decades ago.

Earlier this year, at the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, Member States committed to “working together for rights- and health-based responses to drugs so that people can live in health, dignity and peace, with security and prosperity”.

I call on all governments to live up to this pledge. This means cracking down on drug trafficking and those who profit from human misery, including by enhanced international cooperation and intelligence-sharing across the entire drug supply chain. It also means human rights-based, gender- and age-sensitive prevention, treatment and rehabilitation services for drug use and HIV, offered without stigma or discrimination. It also means law enforcement approaches that protect people from violence and criminal exploitation.

Families, schools and communities play a crucial role, especially in supporting youth who may be affected by drug abuse with terrible and long-lasting consequences. Let us work with and for young people to prevent drug use and help young people lead healthier lives and navigate life choices with strength and resilience.

On this International Day, let us show our commitment to fulfilling our promise to ensure health and justice for all.

[Ends]

New UN Publications: May 2019

“2018 Near East and North Africa Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition: Rural Transformation – Key for Sustainable Development in the Near East and North Africa.
Hunger is worsening in the Near East and North Africa region, continuing a trend since 2011–2013. This report explores the relationships between food insecurity, economic growth and rural transformation. A review of SDG 2 indicators in the NENA countries reveals that improvements in hunger, food security and nutrition are positively associated with the degree of rural transformation. This year’s Regional Overview brings into focus how policies aimed at rural transformation can potentially lead to higher levels of agricultural production, better food security and nutrition outcomes, and reinvigorated labour intensive growth of the economy

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-131348-0
pp. 67

 

 

“Socioeconomic and Data challenges Disaster Risk Reduction in Europe.”
There are key elements in Disaster risk reduction that play a major role: the need to ensure stakeholders interoperability through an efficient exchange of data, and; the inclusion of socioeconomic factors which may influence disaster risk reduction processes. This report would support national authorities and DRR stakeholders in the continued implementation of the Sendai Framework. Based on national briefs, surveys and interviews, the report stresses the following recommendations for public authorities and relevant stakeholders

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDRR
pp. 31

 

 

 

“Food Outlook – Biannual Report on Global Food Markets, May 2019.”
Food markets in 2019/20 are bracing for some additional uncertainties. Although, prospects point to generally well supplied markets, which is seen to contribute to a lower food import bill in 2019.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-131448-7
pp. 156

 

Continue reading

New UN Publications: April 2019

Health, rights and drugs Harm reduction, decriminalization and zero discrimination for people who use drugs.
People who use drugs have been the biggest casualties of the global war on drugs This report shows that people who use drugs are still being left behind.  Between 2011-2017, there has been no decrease in the annual number of new HIV infections among people who inject drugs. This is a problem that has a clear solution: harm reduction. There is compelling and comprehensive evidence that harm reduction improves the health of people who inject drugs.  UNAIDS calls on countries to end the divide on drug use and use stronger commitments for a human rights-based, people centered and public health approach.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNAIDS
pp. 65

 

 

 

Financing for Sustainable Development Report 2019.
In their 2019 Financing for Sustainable Development Report, the international organizations find some good news: investment has gained strength in some countries and interest in sustainable investing is growing, with 75 per cent of individual investors showing interest in how their investments affect the world.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNESCAP
ISBN: 978-92-1-101404-4
pp. 177

 

 

 

Global Nutrition Cluster Annual Report 2018: Achievements, Key Challenges and Ways Forward – January to December 2018.
In 2018, the GNC continued with the implementation of the 2017- 2018 work plan to achieve the three strategic priorities and two supporting objectives of the 2017-2020 GNC Strategy. The first strategic priority concerns GNC support to coordination platforms to fulfill their role before, during and after a humanitarian response. Despite the funding constraints, the GNC-CT managed to provide remote support to 24 country-level coordination platforms. In addition, three field missions were conducted to Bangladesh, Ethiopia and North Eastern Nigeria. The GNC also successfully organized global partner calls on Yemen, South Sudan, Niger, Ethiopia and DRC.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
pp. 46