“The Least Developed Countries Report 2016.”
Graduation is the process through which a country ceases to be an LDC, having in principle overcome the structural handicaps that warrant special support from the international community, beyond that generally granted to other developing countries. However, the Report argues that it should be regarded, not as a winning post, but rather as a milestone in a country’s long-term economic and social development. Thus, the focus should not be on graduation itself, but rather on “graduation with momentum”, which will lay the foundations for long-term development and allow potential pitfalls to be avoided far beyond the country’s exit from the LDC category.
“Global Wage Report 2016/17: Wage inequality in the workplace.”
This report analyses the evolution of real wages around the world, giving a unique picture of wage trends globally and by region. The 2016/17 edition examines inequality at the workplace level, providing empirical evidence on the extent to which wage inequality is the result of wage inequality between enterprises as well as within enterprises. The report also includes a review of key policy issues regarding wages.
“90-90-90 On the right track towards global target.”
The 90–90–90 agenda has in two short years rejuvenated the AIDS response – 90% diagnosed, 90% on treatment, 90% virtually suppressed. Globally, 17 million people were receiving antiretroviral therapy as of December 2015. Bolstering the optimism stemming from continued treatment scale-up, new scientific evidence has further confirmed the urgent need for the treat-all approach on which 90–90–90 is premised. To end the epidemic as a public health threat by 2030, however, the reduction in HIV transmission associated with achievement of 90–90–90 will need to be matched to a much more robust reduction in the risk of HIV.
“IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice.”
Compendium reports are central to IOM’s own processes of collecting and learning from good practices globally. Externally, they demonstrate IOM’s experience on a given topic. This compendium is primarily designed to support IOM staff, aiming to facilitate exchange of good practices and promote innovative, high-quality programming while cognizant of the need to assess feasibility and adaptability to local contexts. This process has also contributed to the development of a new IOM framework on the progressive resolution of displacement situations, which conceptualizes IOM’s approach.
The world has changed since we last marked International Ozone Day. We now have our 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which will foster equitable inclusive growth and further the well-being of people and our planet. On climate change, the Paris Agreement marks a historic turning point in our common journey towards a secure and sustainable world.
Now, we must turn ambition into action, and strengthen climate protection by harnessing the power of the Montreal Protocol to make progress in slowing the near-term warming caused by hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), the fastest growing of the greenhouse gases.
Next month, in Rwanda, we have an opportunity to do exactly that, when national delegations gather to reach a global consensus on phasing down HFCs under the Montreal Protocol. Years ago, HFCs were widely adopted as an effective alternative to products that were damaging the ozone layer, particularly those used in refrigeration and air conditioning. However, science has revealed that, while HFCs have greatly reduced the threat to the ozone layer, they are an extremely potent greenhouse gas. With their use increasing rapidly, we must take decisive action – just as we previously did to put the ozone layer on the path to recovery.
Phasing down HFCs would provide considerable benefits. It would avoid up to half a degree of global warming by the end of this century, providing a major boost for the Paris Agreement, and it could also significantly improve the energy efficiency of some alternative refrigerants and technologies.
A global problem requires a global solution. I am confident that any obstacles can be overcome, having already seen nations use the Montreal Protocol to avert up to two million cases of skin cancer a year and save many more people from the suffering caused by cataracts.
By using the Montreal Protocol regime to phase down HFCs, we can complement other efforts to reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions under the UNFCCC process. On this International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, let us remember how much has already been accomplished, and commit to do more to protect our atmosphere. By working together, we can build a safer, healthier, more prosperous and resilient world for all people while protecting our planet, our only home.
The report analyses selected indicators from the global indicator framework
for which data are available as examples to highlight
some critical gaps and challenges. The list of SDG indicators
agreed upon by the UN Statistical Commission in March 2016
will be subject to refinements and improvements as methods
and data availability improve.
Download the Report here.