Category Archives: Recent UN Documents

New UN Publications: October 2017

Levels and Trends in Child Mortality.
A new report from UNICEF and its partners in the Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME), Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2017, shows the full scope of child and newborn mortality across the world. This report presents the group’s latest estimates of under-five, infant and neonatal mortality up to 2016, and assesses progress at the country, regional and global levels. In addition to global estimates for under-five, infant and newborn mortality, the report for the first time contains estimates on mortality among children aged 5-14.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNESCO
pp. 40

Towards a pollution-free planet.
Outlining the many ways in which the world can move to a healthier, more sustainable way of living, UN Environment launched “Towards a pollution-free planet”, a report that serves as a call to action to governments, businesses, local authorities, civil society and individuals to prevent and reduce pollution, and clean up the planet. The report comes ahead of the United Nations Environment Assembly, to be held on 4-6 December 2017 in Nairobi, Kenya under the overarching theme of pollution.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNEP
ISBN: 978-92-807-3669-4
pp.123

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New UN Publications: September 2017

Manila Earthquake: Pre-Crisis Information Mapping Survey and Consultation.
The general objective of the pre-crisis information mapping survey and consultation is to better understand and validate information on the vulnerabilities, capacities, and preferences on the type of relief and humanitarian assistance that the community may need once a 7.2 magnitude earthquake hits Manila. Complementing the earthquake preparedness initiatives by the identified local government, at-risk communities, and other non-government organizations in Metro Manila, the mapping and consultation exercise analyzed the actual needs of the most vulnerable, marginalized, less visible, and less vocal members of the at-risk communities.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: OCHA
pp.53

Early Moments Matter for Every Child.
This  new global report on early childhood development, shows that the period from conception to the start of school opens a critical and singular window of opportunity to shape the development of a child’s brain. Unfortunately, many millions of children around the world are deprived of the ingredients that foster optimal brain development. But it is time to do more. It is time to pick up the pace of progress and transform our knowledge about early childhood development into investments and interventions that support families, communities and nations.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
ISBN: 9 789280 649017
pp. 84

Trade and Development Report 2017.
The Trade and Development Report 2017 argues that now is the ideal time to crowd in private investment with the help of a concerted fiscal push – a global new deal – to get the growth engines revving again, and at the same time help rebalance economies and societies that, after three decades of hyperglobalization, are seriously out of kilter. However, in today’s world of mobile finance and liberalized economic policies, no country can do this on its own without risking capital flight, a currency collapse and the threat of a deflationary spiral. What is needed, therefore, is a globally coordinated strategy of expansion led by increased public expenditures, with all countries being offered the opportunity of benefiting from a simultaneous boost to their domestic and external markets.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNCTAD
ISBN: 978-92-1-112913-7
pp.169

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New UN Publications: May 2017

Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2017.
The developing economies of the Asian and Pacific region currently account for about a third of the world’s output. But, a number of challenges and risks have become apparent. The benefits of economic expansion have accrued relatively less to the poor. Additionally, expansion of decent jobs continues to remain a challenge, and the region currently is falling behind the rest of the world in terms of social protection financing and coverage. Moreover, economic growth has come at a steep environmental cost. In the Survey for 2017, a proactive fiscal policy is advocated that could help address these challenges through productive investments in such areas as infrastructure, social protection and resource efficiency. The importance of effective governance is also highlighted as it affects fiscal management.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ESCAP
ISBN: 978-92-1-060367-6
pp.130

Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme – Annual Report 2016.
Since the Syrian war began about 250,000 refugees have crossed into Iraq. The conflict with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has also forced 3.3 million Iraqis to leave their homes. Nearly a third of the Iraqi population needs humanitarian aid. This 2016 annual report details the work, goals and achievements of the ICRRP (Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme) , which has a five strand approach and focuses its work on a) improved crisis response, b) improved basic services, c) improved livelihoods, d) protection of the vulnerable groups, and e) social cohesion.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDP
pp.38

Data for Children Strategic Framework.
Effective use of data can help us not just track results for children, but also shape those results with better insights about what’s working, what’s not, which children are thriving and which are being left behind. The framework begins with UNICEF’s approach to data work: laying out the necessity of a demand-driven model that maintains an appropriate balance between demand for, supply and use of data. It also provides an outline of the changes that UNICEF needs to make in the coming years. The document concludes with key issues that UNICEF country offices should consider in plotting their own data investments in the coming years.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
pp.17

At the root of exodus: Food security, conflict and international migration.
International migration reached a total of 244 million individuals in 2015 alone. Forced displacement has also reached a record high, with 65.3 million individuals displaced worldwide by the end of 2015. The study found out that countries with the highest level of food insecurity, coupled with armed conflict, have the highest outward migration of refugees.  The report estimates that refugee outflows per 1000 population increase by 0.4 percent for each additional year of conflict, and increase by 1.9 percent for each percentage increase of food insecurity. Food insecurity was also shown as a significant determinant of the incidence and intensity of armed conflict.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WFP
pp. 76

Asia-Pacific countries with special needs development report 2017.
Thirty-six economies in the Asia-Pacific region are least developed countries, landlocked developing countries or Small Island developing States. This report highlights the importance of infrastructure in achieving inclusive growth and sustainable development, and analyses the scale of infrastructure deficits and associated financing requirements in these countries. It focuses on four sectors of physical infrastructure that are particularly important to development: transport; energy; information and communications technology (ICT) and water supply and sanitation, as infrastructure development in these sectors has direct implications for economic activities, social development and environmental sustainability.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ESCAP
ISBN: 978-92-1-060456-7
pp.88

Employer-migrant worker relationships in the Middle East: Exploring scope for internal labour market mobility and fair migration.
This paper offers a way of analyzing the employer-migrant worker relationship under the kafala sponsorship system. It argues that reforming the sponsorship systems in a way which disassociates a worker’s immigration status from their employer’s control, and enables a migrant worker to resign or terminate his/ her employment contract by giving reasonable notice and without losing valid immigration status, can have significant economic, social and administrative benefits. The paper also presents a series of suggested evidence-based policy measures for reform of current sponsorship systems, which may enhance internal labour market mobility and promote fair migration.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ILO
ISBN: 9789221306771
pp.26

Counting pennies: A review of official development assistance to end violence against children.
Every child deserves to grow up in a safe, peaceful, nurturing and enabling environment. But this is not the case for millions of children across the world that experience violence every day.  Violence against children costs up to US$7 trillion a year. This report estimates that in 2015, US$238 million was spent on projects that fully address violence against children. The main recommendation from this study is for individual donors to systematically track spending to end violence against children as a separate category.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF/UNSRSGVAC
pp.39

IOM Middle East and North Africa Regional Strategy 2017–2020.
In its 2017‒2020 Strategy for MENA, IOM follows the principles and objectives of the Migration Governance Framework, which was endorsed by IOM Member States in 2015.3 The present document also outlines sub-regional priorities for North Africa, the Mashreq and the Gulf countries. Lastly, the strategy specifies crosscutting issues and institutional principles that IOM adheres to throughout its work to maximize organizational effectiveness.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM
pp.28

Understanding masculinities: Results from The International Men and Gender Equality Survey.
How are men of all ages, and younger men compared to older men, reacting to the gradual but significant improvement in the position of women and girls in the region? The study examines men’s – and women’s – attitudes and practices related to a range of key issues, including support for gender equality, support for women’s rights policies, household decision-making, use of various forms of gender-based violence in the Middle East and North Africa.
SUMMARY

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UN Women
pp.29

The impact of disasters on agriculture: Addressing the information gap.
In developing countries, agriculture absorbs 23 percent of the total damage and losses. In between 2005 and 2014, approximately USD 93 billion was lost in crop and livestock production due to natural hazards and disasters in developing countries. This affects food security and causes additional disruptions throughout the value chains. A thorough analysis of existing trends in agricultural production and related distortions in production volumes and patterns due to disasters is a key starting point. The report also highlighted the need for deeper analysis, more thorough data and the construction of a coherent information system.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
pp.28

New UN Publications: March 2017

Human Development Report 2016 Human Development for Everyone.
The report finds that although average human development improved significantly across all regions from 1990 to 2015, one in three people worldwide continue to live in low levels of human development as measured by the Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: having a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable, and enjoying a decent standard of living.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDP
ISBN: 978-92-1-060036-1
pp. 271

The Rights of indigenous peoples in Asia.
This report seeks to draw a realistic picture of major trends and challenges, and identifies important new opportunities in the framework of the new global agendas on sustainable development and climate action, which call for specific attention regarding the rights and concerns of indigenous peoples.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ILO
ISBN: 978-92-2-130490-6
pp.88
SUMMARY

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New UN Publications: February 2017

Working anytime, anywhere: The effects on the world of work.
This report considers the impact of telework/ICT-mobile work on the world of work. It synthesises research carried out by Eurofound’s network of European correspondents and ILO country experts. The incidence of T/ICTM is related not only to technological developments in different countries but also to existing economic structures and cultures of work. The report also classifies T/ICTM employees in relation to their place of work (home, office or another location) and the intensity and frequency of their work using ICT outside the employer’s premises.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ILO, Eurofound
ISBN: 978-92-2-130472-2
pp. 72

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New UN Publications: January 2017

World Economic Situation and Prospects 2017.
In 2016, the world economy expanded by just 2.2 per cent, the slowest rate of growth since the Great Recession of 2009. Underpinning the sluggish global economy are the feeble pace of global investment, dwindling world trade growth, flagging productivity growth and high levels of debt. World gross product is forecast to expand by 2.7 per cent in 2017 and 2.9 per cent in 2018, with this modest recovery more an indication of economic stabilization than a signal of a robust and sustained revival of global demand. Given the close linkages between demand, investment, trade and productivity, the extended episode of weak global growth may prove self-perpetuating in the absence of concerted policy efforts to revive investment and foster a recovery in productivity. This would impede progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly the goals of eradicating extreme poverty and creating decent work for all.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDESA
ISBN: 978-92-1-109175-5
pp. 201

School Violence and Bullying – Global Status Report.
A 2012 report by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children notes that ‘more than one billion children around the world attend school. Many of these children enjoy their right to be taught in a safe and stimulating environment. For many others, however, schooling does not guarantee such opportunity. These girls and boys are exposed to bullying, sexual and gender-based violence, corporal punishment and other forms of violence… Many are also exposed to schoolyard fighting, gang violence, assault with weapons, and sexual and gender-based violence by their own peers. New manifestations of violence are also affecting children’s lives, notably the phenomenon of cyberbullying via mobile phones, computers, websites and social networking sites.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 978-92-3-100197-0
pp. 54

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New UN Publications: October 2016

Global tuberculosis report 2016.
WHO has published a global TB report every year since 1997. The main aim of the report is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date assessmentof the TB epidemic, and of progress in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease at global, regional and country levels.
 global-tuberculosis-report
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WHO
ISBN: 978 92 4 156539 4
pp. 201

Climate Change Resilience: An Opportunity for Reducing Inequalities.
Inequalities cause and exacerbate climate impacts on poor and vulnerable people The World Economic and Social Survey 2016: Climate Change Resilience —an Opportunity for Reducing Inequalities (#WESS2016), found that governments can play a significant role in reducing the risks of climate change to  vulnerable populations. Through transformative policies, the report shows that governments could address the root causes of inequalities and build climate change resilience.
 climate-change-resilience-an-opportunity-for-reducing-inequalities
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UN DESA
ISBN: 978-92-1-058231-5
pp.156

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New UN Publications: September 2016

State of Least Developed Countries 2016.
The current report builds on the first and second editions, which considered the issues of productive capacity building as well as extreme poverty eradication in the least developed countries (LDCs) and the post-2015 development agenda. These reports provided analysis relating to the inclusion of LDC issues in the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. This year’s report is dedicated to the implementation of the SDGs in LDCs using synergies with the IPoA.
state-of-least-developed-countries-2016 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UN-OHRLLS
pp.100

Global Education Monitoring Report 2016.
The 2016 GEM Report is the first of a new 15-year series. It shows that education will not deliver its full potential to catapult the world forward unless participation rates dramatically improve, learning becomes a lifelong pursuit and education systems fully embrace sustainable development. It provides valuable insight for governments and policy makers to monitor and accelerate progress towards SDG 4, building on the indicators and targets we have, with equity and inclusion as measures of overall success.
global-education-monitoring-report-2016
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 978-92-3-100167-3
pp. 535

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New UN Publications: August 2016

90-90-90 On the right track towards global target.
The 90–90–90 agenda has in two short years rejuvenated the AIDS response – 90% diagnosed, 90% on treatment, 90% virtually suppressed. Globally, 17 million people were receiving antiretroviral therapy as of December 2015. Bolstering the optimism stemming from continued treatment scale-up, new scientific evidence has further confirmed the urgent need for the treat-all approach on which 90–90–90 is premised. To end the epidemic as a public health threat by 2030, however, the reduction in HIV transmission associated with achievement of 90–90–90 will need to be matched to a much more robust reduction in the risk of HIV.
90_90_90_Progress Report
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNAIDS
pp.58

IOM Contributions to Progressively Resolve Displacement Situations: Compendium of activities and good practice.”
Compendium reports are central to IOM’s own processes of collecting and learning from good practices globally. Externally, they demonstrate IOM’s experience on a given topic. This compendium is primarily designed to support IOM staff, aiming to facilitate exchange of good practices and promote innovative, high-quality programming while cognizant of the need to assess feasibility and adaptability to local contexts. This process has also contributed to the development of a new IOM framework on the progressive resolution of displacement situations, which conceptualizes IOM’s approach.
IOM contributions to progressively resolve displacement situations
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM
pp. 262

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