Category Archives: Recent UN Documents

New UN Publications: July 2018

The State of the World’s Forests 2018.
This edition of The State of the World’s Forests is aimed at enhancing our understanding of how forests and their sustainable management contribute to achieving several of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report identifies actions that can be taken to increase the contributions of forests and trees that are necessary to accelerate progress towards the SDGs. It is now critical that steps be taken to work more effectively with the private sector, and the informal forest sector must be transformed to bring broader economic, social and environmental benefits. For the first time, The State of the World’s Forests 2018 provides an assessment of the contribution of forests and trees to our landscapes and livelihoods. The purpose of this publication is to provide a much wider audience with an understanding of why forests and trees matter for people, the planet and posterity.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-130561-4
pp.139

 

 

2018 Report on the World Social Situation (RWSS).
The Report on the World Social Situation 2018 shows that each of these groups faces particular barriers to social protection coverage. It contends that inclusive social protection systems must guarantee access to a minimum set of tax-financed schemes. It explains why universal schemes are better at reaching disadvantaged groups than schemes targeted at them and considers how social protection programmes should be implemented in order to avoid excluding people in need.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDESA
e-ISBN: 978-92-1-361547-8
pp.145

 

 

FAO Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture.
The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture through FAO provides a quarterly forward-looking analysis of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture. It highlights potential new emergencies resulting from imminent disaster threats; and new developments in countries already affected by protracted crises which are likely to cause a further deterioration of food insecurity.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
pp.35

 

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New UN Publications: June 2018

World Drug Report 2018.
The non-medical use of prescription drugs is becoming a major threat to public health and law enforcement. The findings this year show that drug markets are expanding, with cocaine and opium production hitting absolute record highs, presenting multiple challenges on multiple fronts. The Report provides a global overview of the supply and demand of opiates, cocaine, cannabis, amphetamine-type stimulants and new psychoactive substances (NPS), as well as their impact on health. It highlights the different drug use patterns and vulnerabilities of particular age and gender groups, and highlights the shift in the global drug market.
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNODC
5 Booklets

 

 

 

Global Study on Smuggling of Migrants 2018.
At least 2.5 million migrants were smuggled in 2016, according to the first Global Study on Smuggling of Migrants released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The study describes 30 major smuggling routes worldwide and finds that demand for smuggling services is particularly high among refugees who, for lack of other means, may need to use smugglers to reach a safe destination fleeing their origin countries. Data suggests that many smuggling flows include unaccompanied or separated children, who might be particularly vulnerable to deception and abuse by smugglers and others. The study also looks at the gender composition and the links between smugglers and migrants.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNODC
ISBN: 978-92-1-045181-9
pp.165

 

 

More people, more food, worse water? A global review of water pollution from agriculture.
Water pollution is a global challenge that has increased in both developed and developing countries. This publication provides an analysis of problems and options for improvement. It is structured using the Drivers, Pressures, State, Impact, Response (DPSIR) model. The framework has been used to formulate a number of relevant policies for pollution control. The framework also provides a structure within which to present indicators needed to enable feedback to policy-makers on environmental quality and the impact of certain policy choices.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO / IWMI
ISBN: 978-92-5-130729-8
pp.207

 

 

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New UN Publications: April – May 2018

Start Free Stay Free AIDS Free — 2017 progress report.
This progress report reflects achievements made during the first year of implementation (through December 2016), as countries have taken actions in line with new or existing national strategies. The most recent data on country progress in 2016 are based on country-reported data and country-developed models using Spectrum software that were reported to UNAIDS in 2017.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNAIDS
pp.81

 

 

Land resource planning for sustainable land management.
Current and emerging needs in land resource planning for food security, sustainable livelihoods, integrated landscape management and restoration.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-109896-7
pp.55

 

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New UN Publications: January – February 2018

Turning promises into action: Gender equality in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The report demonstrates through concrete evidence and data the pervasive nature of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere, and puts forth actionable recommendations on how to fulfill the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UN Women
ISBN: 978-1-63214-108-8
pp.337

 

 

Countdown to 2030: Tracking progress towards universal coverage for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health.
This is the first Countdown report in the context of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development and the Every Woman Every Child Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent’s Health (2016–2030). It synthesizes data on the current situation and trends in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health and nutrition from a wide array of sources, including the profiles on the 81 Countdown priority countries, which together account for 95% of maternal deaths and 90% of deaths among children under age 5. The 2017 report begins with a summary of results from the 81 country profiles and other data sources, and closes with two-page country profiles for each of the 81 countries. It takes a critical look at how far Countdown countries are from universal coverage for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition and highlights possible solutions for addressing gaps.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
ISBN: 978-92-806-4921-5
pp. 93

 

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New UN Publications: November 2017

Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook Summary – Second edition.
This booklet presents a summary of the contents of the second edition of the Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook. The landscape of international climate action has changed considerably since FAO introduced the concept of climate-smart agriculture (CSA). In order to implement the 2030 Agenda, FAO member states have endorsed five principles of sustainable food and agriculture. Furthermore, to address the specific challenges climate change poses to sustainable food and agriculture, FAO promotes CSA as an approach that can transform and reorient agricultural systems to effectively support development and ensure food security in a changing climate. Still, the world’s agricultural ecosystems will not be able to deliver the 50 percent increase in demand for food and other agricultural products by 2050, if current unsustainable natural resource management practices are maintained.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-109988-9
pp. 47

A Familiar Face: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents.
All children have the right to be protected from violence inflicted on them by anyone in their lives. Yet violence against children is often rationalized as necessary or inevitable. The report uses the most current data to shed light on four specific forms of violence: violent discipline and exposure to domestic abuse during early childhood; violence at school; violent deaths among adolescents; and sexual violence in childhood and adolescence. The statistics reveal that children experience violence across all stages of childhood, in diverse settings, and often at the hands of the trusted individuals with whom they interact daily.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
ISBN: 978-92-806-4919-2
pp. 97

World Malaria Report 2017.
The 2017 World malaria report presents a comprehensive state of play in global progress in the fight against malaria up to the end of 2016. It tracks progress in investments in malaria programmes & research, malaria prevention, diagnosis and treatment, surveillance, trends in malaria disease burden, malaria elimination, and threats in tackling malaria and safeguarding the investments made. Achieving SDG Target 3.3 by 2030 is interpreted as the attainment of the GTS and AIM targets. The primary sources of information for this year’s edition of the World malaria report are reports from 94 countries.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WHO
ISBN: 978-92-4-156552-3
pp. 160

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New UN Publications: October 2017

Levels and Trends in Child Mortality.
A new report from UNICEF and its partners in the Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME), Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2017, shows the full scope of child and newborn mortality across the world. This report presents the group’s latest estimates of under-five, infant and neonatal mortality up to 2016, and assesses progress at the country, regional and global levels. In addition to global estimates for under-five, infant and newborn mortality, the report for the first time contains estimates on mortality among children aged 5-14.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNESCO
pp. 40

Towards a pollution-free planet.
Outlining the many ways in which the world can move to a healthier, more sustainable way of living, UN Environment launched “Towards a pollution-free planet”, a report that serves as a call to action to governments, businesses, local authorities, civil society and individuals to prevent and reduce pollution, and clean up the planet. The report comes ahead of the United Nations Environment Assembly, to be held on 4-6 December 2017 in Nairobi, Kenya under the overarching theme of pollution.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNEP
ISBN: 978-92-807-3669-4
pp.123

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New UN Publications: September 2017

Manila Earthquake: Pre-Crisis Information Mapping Survey and Consultation.
The general objective of the pre-crisis information mapping survey and consultation is to better understand and validate information on the vulnerabilities, capacities, and preferences on the type of relief and humanitarian assistance that the community may need once a 7.2 magnitude earthquake hits Manila. Complementing the earthquake preparedness initiatives by the identified local government, at-risk communities, and other non-government organizations in Metro Manila, the mapping and consultation exercise analyzed the actual needs of the most vulnerable, marginalized, less visible, and less vocal members of the at-risk communities.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: OCHA
pp.53

Early Moments Matter for Every Child.
This  new global report on early childhood development, shows that the period from conception to the start of school opens a critical and singular window of opportunity to shape the development of a child’s brain. Unfortunately, many millions of children around the world are deprived of the ingredients that foster optimal brain development. But it is time to do more. It is time to pick up the pace of progress and transform our knowledge about early childhood development into investments and interventions that support families, communities and nations.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
ISBN: 9 789280 649017
pp. 84

Trade and Development Report 2017.
The Trade and Development Report 2017 argues that now is the ideal time to crowd in private investment with the help of a concerted fiscal push – a global new deal – to get the growth engines revving again, and at the same time help rebalance economies and societies that, after three decades of hyperglobalization, are seriously out of kilter. However, in today’s world of mobile finance and liberalized economic policies, no country can do this on its own without risking capital flight, a currency collapse and the threat of a deflationary spiral. What is needed, therefore, is a globally coordinated strategy of expansion led by increased public expenditures, with all countries being offered the opportunity of benefiting from a simultaneous boost to their domestic and external markets.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNCTAD
ISBN: 978-92-1-112913-7
pp.169

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New UN Publications: May 2017

Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2017.
The developing economies of the Asian and Pacific region currently account for about a third of the world’s output. But, a number of challenges and risks have become apparent. The benefits of economic expansion have accrued relatively less to the poor. Additionally, expansion of decent jobs continues to remain a challenge, and the region currently is falling behind the rest of the world in terms of social protection financing and coverage. Moreover, economic growth has come at a steep environmental cost. In the Survey for 2017, a proactive fiscal policy is advocated that could help address these challenges through productive investments in such areas as infrastructure, social protection and resource efficiency. The importance of effective governance is also highlighted as it affects fiscal management.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ESCAP
ISBN: 978-92-1-060367-6
pp.130

Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme – Annual Report 2016.
Since the Syrian war began about 250,000 refugees have crossed into Iraq. The conflict with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has also forced 3.3 million Iraqis to leave their homes. Nearly a third of the Iraqi population needs humanitarian aid. This 2016 annual report details the work, goals and achievements of the ICRRP (Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme) , which has a five strand approach and focuses its work on a) improved crisis response, b) improved basic services, c) improved livelihoods, d) protection of the vulnerable groups, and e) social cohesion.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDP
pp.38

Data for Children Strategic Framework.
Effective use of data can help us not just track results for children, but also shape those results with better insights about what’s working, what’s not, which children are thriving and which are being left behind. The framework begins with UNICEF’s approach to data work: laying out the necessity of a demand-driven model that maintains an appropriate balance between demand for, supply and use of data. It also provides an outline of the changes that UNICEF needs to make in the coming years. The document concludes with key issues that UNICEF country offices should consider in plotting their own data investments in the coming years.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
pp.17

At the root of exodus: Food security, conflict and international migration.
International migration reached a total of 244 million individuals in 2015 alone. Forced displacement has also reached a record high, with 65.3 million individuals displaced worldwide by the end of 2015. The study found out that countries with the highest level of food insecurity, coupled with armed conflict, have the highest outward migration of refugees.  The report estimates that refugee outflows per 1000 population increase by 0.4 percent for each additional year of conflict, and increase by 1.9 percent for each percentage increase of food insecurity. Food insecurity was also shown as a significant determinant of the incidence and intensity of armed conflict.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WFP
pp. 76

Asia-Pacific countries with special needs development report 2017.
Thirty-six economies in the Asia-Pacific region are least developed countries, landlocked developing countries or Small Island developing States. This report highlights the importance of infrastructure in achieving inclusive growth and sustainable development, and analyses the scale of infrastructure deficits and associated financing requirements in these countries. It focuses on four sectors of physical infrastructure that are particularly important to development: transport; energy; information and communications technology (ICT) and water supply and sanitation, as infrastructure development in these sectors has direct implications for economic activities, social development and environmental sustainability.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ESCAP
ISBN: 978-92-1-060456-7
pp.88

Employer-migrant worker relationships in the Middle East: Exploring scope for internal labour market mobility and fair migration.
This paper offers a way of analyzing the employer-migrant worker relationship under the kafala sponsorship system. It argues that reforming the sponsorship systems in a way which disassociates a worker’s immigration status from their employer’s control, and enables a migrant worker to resign or terminate his/ her employment contract by giving reasonable notice and without losing valid immigration status, can have significant economic, social and administrative benefits. The paper also presents a series of suggested evidence-based policy measures for reform of current sponsorship systems, which may enhance internal labour market mobility and promote fair migration.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ILO
ISBN: 9789221306771
pp.26

Counting pennies: A review of official development assistance to end violence against children.
Every child deserves to grow up in a safe, peaceful, nurturing and enabling environment. But this is not the case for millions of children across the world that experience violence every day.  Violence against children costs up to US$7 trillion a year. This report estimates that in 2015, US$238 million was spent on projects that fully address violence against children. The main recommendation from this study is for individual donors to systematically track spending to end violence against children as a separate category.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF/UNSRSGVAC
pp.39

IOM Middle East and North Africa Regional Strategy 2017–2020.
In its 2017‒2020 Strategy for MENA, IOM follows the principles and objectives of the Migration Governance Framework, which was endorsed by IOM Member States in 2015.3 The present document also outlines sub-regional priorities for North Africa, the Mashreq and the Gulf countries. Lastly, the strategy specifies crosscutting issues and institutional principles that IOM adheres to throughout its work to maximize organizational effectiveness.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM
pp.28

Understanding masculinities: Results from The International Men and Gender Equality Survey.
How are men of all ages, and younger men compared to older men, reacting to the gradual but significant improvement in the position of women and girls in the region? The study examines men’s – and women’s – attitudes and practices related to a range of key issues, including support for gender equality, support for women’s rights policies, household decision-making, use of various forms of gender-based violence in the Middle East and North Africa.
SUMMARY

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UN Women
pp.29

The impact of disasters on agriculture: Addressing the information gap.
In developing countries, agriculture absorbs 23 percent of the total damage and losses. In between 2005 and 2014, approximately USD 93 billion was lost in crop and livestock production due to natural hazards and disasters in developing countries. This affects food security and causes additional disruptions throughout the value chains. A thorough analysis of existing trends in agricultural production and related distortions in production volumes and patterns due to disasters is a key starting point. The report also highlighted the need for deeper analysis, more thorough data and the construction of a coherent information system.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
pp.28

New UN Publications: March 2017

Human Development Report 2016 Human Development for Everyone.
The report finds that although average human development improved significantly across all regions from 1990 to 2015, one in three people worldwide continue to live in low levels of human development as measured by the Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: having a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable, and enjoying a decent standard of living.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDP
ISBN: 978-92-1-060036-1
pp. 271

The Rights of indigenous peoples in Asia.
This report seeks to draw a realistic picture of major trends and challenges, and identifies important new opportunities in the framework of the new global agendas on sustainable development and climate action, which call for specific attention regarding the rights and concerns of indigenous peoples.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ILO
ISBN: 978-92-2-130490-6
pp.88
SUMMARY

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New UN Publications: February 2017

Working anytime, anywhere: The effects on the world of work.
This report considers the impact of telework/ICT-mobile work on the world of work. It synthesises research carried out by Eurofound’s network of European correspondents and ILO country experts. The incidence of T/ICTM is related not only to technological developments in different countries but also to existing economic structures and cultures of work. The report also classifies T/ICTM employees in relation to their place of work (home, office or another location) and the intensity and frequency of their work using ICT outside the employer’s premises.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ILO, Eurofound
ISBN: 978-92-2-130472-2
pp. 72

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