“World Drug Report 2018.”
The non-medical use of prescription drugs is becoming a major threat to public health and law enforcement. The findings this year show that drug markets are expanding, with cocaine and opium production hitting absolute record highs, presenting multiple challenges on multiple fronts. The Report provides a global overview of the supply and demand of opiates, cocaine, cannabis, amphetamine-type stimulants and new psychoactive substances (NPS), as well as their impact on health. It highlights the different drug use patterns and vulnerabilities of particular age and gender groups, and highlights the shift in the global drug market.
“Global Study on Smuggling of Migrants 2018.”
At least 2.5 million migrants were smuggled in 2016, according to the first Global Study on Smuggling of Migrants released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The study describes 30 major smuggling routes worldwide and finds that demand for smuggling services is particularly high among refugees who, for lack of other means, may need to use smugglers to reach a safe destination fleeing their origin countries. Data suggests that many smuggling flows include unaccompanied or separated children, who might be particularly vulnerable to deception and abuse by smugglers and others. The study also looks at the gender composition and the links between smugglers and migrants.
“More people, more food, worse water? A global review of water pollution from agriculture.”
Water pollution is a global challenge that has increased in both developed and developing countries. This publication provides an analysis of problems and options for improvement. It is structured using the Drivers, Pressures, State, Impact, Response (DPSIR) model. The framework has been used to formulate a number of relevant policies for pollution control. The framework also provides a structure within which to present indicators needed to enable feedback to policy-makers on environmental quality and the impact of certain policy choices.
Publisher: FAO / IWMI
“Start Free Stay Free AIDS Free — 2017 progress report.”
This progress report reflects achievements made during the first year of implementation (through December 2016), as countries have taken actions in line with new or existing national strategies. The most recent data on country progress in 2016 are based on country-reported data and country-developed models using Spectrum software that were reported to UNAIDS in 2017.
“Land resource planning for sustainable land management.”
Current and emerging needs in land resource planning for food security, sustainable livelihoods, integrated landscape management and restoration.
“Global education monitoring report gender review 2018: Meeting our commitments to gender equality in education.”
Signing up to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development commits countries to leave no one behind. The Gender Review looks at who should be called to account when gender inequality in education prevails. The review’s first part examines disparities in participation and skills, in education and political leadership positions, and in selected aspects of infrastructure and curricula. It also examines gender issues in professional development by exploring the role of education in three other SDGs: those concerning agriculture, health, and water and sanitation. The second part of the review analyses institutions, laws and policies to explore ways to determine and enforce accountability for gender equality in education.
“Words into Action guideline: Implementation guide for local disaster risk reduction and resilience strategies.”
This Guide responds to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015- 2030 (Sendai Framework) concern that more dedicated action needs to be focused on tackling underlying disaster risk drivers and strengthening good governance in disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies, at all levels and across sectors and actors. The Guide advises local governments (authorities, planners and managers at city or other sub-national levels) on the mechanisms for developing and implementing a holistic and integrated DRR strategy that contributes to building resilience at the local level. It outlines what a local DRR and resilience strategy should look like, and what is needed to create and implement one.
“Global Report on Food Crises 2018.”
In 2017, almost 124 million people across 51 countries and territories faced Crisis levels of acute food insecurity or worse. When comparing the 45 countries, there has been an increase of 11 million people in need of urgent action, an 11 percent rise from 2016. Extreme climate events – mainly drought – were also major triggers of food crises in 23 countries with over 39 million food-insecure people in need of urgent assistance in 2017. The short-term outlook for 2018 suggests conflict will also remain a primary driver of food insecurity in major emergencies. A comparison of 2016 and 2017 shows that more people need support and for longer periods. Young children and pregnant and breastfeeding women are extremely vulnerable in emergencies and their nutritional status must be protected to prevent malnutrition and guarantee survival.
“Turning promises into action: Gender equality in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.”
The report demonstrates through concrete evidence and data the pervasive nature of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere, and puts forth actionable recommendations on how to fulfill the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Publisher: UN Women
“Countdown to 2030: Tracking progress towards universal coverage for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health.”
This is the first Countdown report in the context of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development and the Every Woman Every Child Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent’s Health (2016–2030). It synthesizes data on the current situation and trends in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health and nutrition from a wide array of sources, including the profiles on the 81 Countdown priority countries, which together account for 95% of maternal deaths and 90% of deaths among children under age 5. The 2017 report begins with a summary of results from the 81 country profiles and other data sources, and closes with two-page country profiles for each of the 81 countries. It takes a critical look at how far Countdown countries are from universal coverage for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition and highlights possible solutions for addressing gaps.
Bangkok (ESCAP News) – Mobilizing financing for development remains a fundamental priority in the Asia-Pacific region. The robust growth registered by the region in 2017 and promising prospects for this year provides the opportunity to meet this objective, according to a major United Nations report launched in Bangkok today. Taking advantage of the current favorable economic conditions, economies need to address vulnerabilities and enhance their resilience, inclusiveness and sustainability. Implementation of several policy initiatives to achieve this transformation will require mobilizing domestic public financial resources and leveraging private capital, the report noted.
According to the annual Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific, developing economies are estimated to have sustained a relatively high economic growth rate of 5.8 per cent in 2017 compared with 5.4 per cent in 2016. About two thirds of the regional economies, accounting for more than 80 per cent of the region’s GDP, achieved faster economic growth in 2017 than in the previous year.
“World Economic Situation & Prospects 2018.”
The world economy has strengthened as lingering fragilities related to the global financial crisis subside. In 2017, global economic growth reached 3 per cent—the highest growth rate since 2011—and growth is expected to remain steady for the coming year. The improved global economic situation provides an opportunity for countries to focus policy towards longer-term issues such as low carbon economic growth, reducing inequalities, economic diversification and eliminating deep-rooted barriers that hinder development.
“The State of the World’s Children 2017: Children in a digital world.”
As the debate about whether the internet is safe for children rages, The State of the World’s Children 2017: Children in a Digital World discusses how digital access can be a game changer for children or yet another dividing line. The report represents the first comprehensive look from UNICEF at the different ways digital technology is affecting children, identifying dangers as well as opportunities. It makes a clear call to governments, the digital technology sector and telecom industries to level the digital playing field for children by creating policies, practices and products that can help children harness digital opportunities and protect them from harm.
“Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook Summary – Second edition.”
This booklet presents a summary of the contents of the second edition of the Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook. The landscape of international climate action has changed considerably since FAO introduced the concept of climate-smart agriculture (CSA). In order to implement the 2030 Agenda, FAO member states have endorsed five principles of sustainable food and agriculture. Furthermore, to address the specific challenges climate change poses to sustainable food and agriculture, FAO promotes CSA as an approach that can transform and reorient agricultural systems to effectively support development and ensure food security in a changing climate. Still, the world’s agricultural ecosystems will not be able to deliver the 50 percent increase in demand for food and other agricultural products by 2050, if current unsustainable natural resource management practices are maintained.
“A Familiar Face: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents.”
All children have the right to be protected from violence inflicted on them by anyone in their lives. Yet violence against children is often rationalized as necessary or inevitable. The report uses the most current data to shed light on four specific forms of violence: violent discipline and exposure to domestic abuse during early childhood; violence at school; violent deaths among adolescents; and sexual violence in childhood and adolescence. The statistics reveal that children experience violence across all stages of childhood, in diverse settings, and often at the hands of the trusted individuals with whom they interact daily.
“World Malaria Report 2017.”
The 2017 World malaria report presents a comprehensive state of play in global progress in the fight against malaria up to the end of 2016. It tracks progress in investments in malaria programmes & research, malaria prevention, diagnosis and treatment, surveillance, trends in malaria disease burden, malaria elimination, and threats in tackling malaria and safeguarding the investments made. Achieving SDG Target 3.3 by 2030 is interpreted as the attainment of the GTS and AIM targets. The primary sources of information for this year’s edition of the World malaria report are reports from 94 countries.
“Levels and Trends in Child Mortality.”
A new report from UNICEF and its partners in the Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME), Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2017, shows the full scope of child and newborn mortality across the world. This report presents the group’s latest estimates of under-five, infant and neonatal mortality up to 2016, and assesses progress at the country, regional and global levels. In addition to global estimates for under-five, infant and newborn mortality, the report for the first time contains estimates on mortality among children aged 5-14.
“Towards a pollution-free planet.”
Outlining the many ways in which the world can move to a healthier, more sustainable way of living, UN Environment launched “Towards a pollution-free planet”, a report that serves as a call to action to governments, businesses, local authorities, civil society and individuals to prevent and reduce pollution, and clean up the planet. The report comes ahead of the United Nations Environment Assembly, to be held on 4-6 December 2017 in Nairobi, Kenya under the overarching theme of pollution.
“Manila Earthquake: Pre-Crisis Information Mapping Survey and Consultation.”
The general objective of the pre-crisis information mapping survey and consultation is to better understand and validate information on the vulnerabilities, capacities, and preferences on the type of relief and humanitarian assistance that the community may need once a 7.2 magnitude earthquake hits Manila. Complementing the earthquake preparedness initiatives by the identified local government, at-risk communities, and other non-government organizations in Metro Manila, the mapping and consultation exercise analyzed the actual needs of the most vulnerable, marginalized, less visible, and less vocal members of the at-risk communities.
“Early Moments Matter for Every Child.”
This new global report on early childhood development, shows that the period from conception to the start of school opens a critical and singular window of opportunity to shape the development of a child’s brain. Unfortunately, many millions of children around the world are deprived of the ingredients that foster optimal brain development. But it is time to do more. It is time to pick up the pace of progress and transform our knowledge about early childhood development into investments and interventions that support families, communities and nations.
ISBN: 9 789280 649017
“Trade and Development Report 2017.”
The Trade and Development Report 2017 argues that now is the ideal time to crowd in private investment with the help of a concerted fiscal push – a global new deal – to get the growth engines revving again, and at the same time help rebalance economies and societies that, after three decades of hyperglobalization, are seriously out of kilter. However, in today’s world of mobile finance and liberalized economic policies, no country can do this on its own without risking capital flight, a currency collapse and the threat of a deflationary spiral. What is needed, therefore, is a globally coordinated strategy of expansion led by increased public expenditures, with all countries being offered the opportunity of benefiting from a simultaneous boost to their domestic and external markets.
“Sustainable Energy for the Implementation of the SDGs and the Paris Agreement.” VEF Forum 2017
The fifth Vienna Energy Forum (VEF) 2017 was held from 9 to 12 May, 2017. The thematic focus of the Forum was “Sustainable Energy for the Implementation of the SDGs and the Paris Agreement”, with an emphasis on discussing and highlighting the importance of the linkages between climate and development as well as the synergies among the SDGs, and the importance of joint and integrated approaches for a successful implementation. The Forum also explored the role of innovation in opening up new avenues for achieving SDG 7 “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all” and related SDGs.
“Enhancing the Understanding of the Foreign Terrorist Fighters Phenomenon in Syria.”
During the fourth biennial review of the Global Counter – Terrorism Strategy held in September 2014, Member States expressed concern at the growing phenomenon of Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTFs) in Syria. As a result, the Secretary – General announced that the United Nations Centre for Counter – Terrorism (UNCCT) would, in cooperation with those Member States that wished to participate, gather information on the motivation of FTF s through direct interviews of returnees. By analysis of the results, the Secretary – General aimed to provide Member States with a stronger knowledge base from which to understand the phenomenon of FTFs, assess the risks they posed, and develop effective responses.