Author Archives: jeremyarevalo

New UN Publications: May 2017

Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2017.
The developing economies of the Asian and Pacific region currently account for about a third of the world’s output. But, a number of challenges and risks have become apparent. The benefits of economic expansion have accrued relatively less to the poor. Additionally, expansion of decent jobs continues to remain a challenge, and the region currently is falling behind the rest of the world in terms of social protection financing and coverage. Moreover, economic growth has come at a steep environmental cost. In the Survey for 2017, a proactive fiscal policy is advocated that could help address these challenges through productive investments in such areas as infrastructure, social protection and resource efficiency. The importance of effective governance is also highlighted as it affects fiscal management.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ESCAP
ISBN: 978-92-1-060367-6

Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme – Annual Report 2016.
Since the Syrian war began about 250,000 refugees have crossed into Iraq. The conflict with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has also forced 3.3 million Iraqis to leave their homes. Nearly a third of the Iraqi population needs humanitarian aid. This 2016 annual report details the work, goals and achievements of the ICRRP (Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme) , which has a five strand approach and focuses its work on a) improved crisis response, b) improved basic services, c) improved livelihoods, d) protection of the vulnerable groups, and e) social cohesion.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDP

Data for Children Strategic Framework.
Effective use of data can help us not just track results for children, but also shape those results with better insights about what’s working, what’s not, which children are thriving and which are being left behind. The framework begins with UNICEF’s approach to data work: laying out the necessity of a demand-driven model that maintains an appropriate balance between demand for, supply and use of data. It also provides an outline of the changes that UNICEF needs to make in the coming years. The document concludes with key issues that UNICEF country offices should consider in plotting their own data investments in the coming years.
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF

At the root of exodus: Food security, conflict and international migration.
International migration reached a total of 244 million individuals in 2015 alone. Forced displacement has also reached a record high, with 65.3 million individuals displaced worldwide by the end of 2015. The study found out that countries with the highest level of food insecurity, coupled with armed conflict, have the highest outward migration of refugees.  The report estimates that refugee outflows per 1000 population increase by 0.4 percent for each additional year of conflict, and increase by 1.9 percent for each percentage increase of food insecurity. Food insecurity was also shown as a significant determinant of the incidence and intensity of armed conflict.
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WFP
pp. 76

Asia-Pacific countries with special needs development report 2017.
Thirty-six economies in the Asia-Pacific region are least developed countries, landlocked developing countries or Small Island developing States. This report highlights the importance of infrastructure in achieving inclusive growth and sustainable development, and analyses the scale of infrastructure deficits and associated financing requirements in these countries. It focuses on four sectors of physical infrastructure that are particularly important to development: transport; energy; information and communications technology (ICT) and water supply and sanitation, as infrastructure development in these sectors has direct implications for economic activities, social development and environmental sustainability.
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ESCAP
ISBN: 978-92-1-060456-7

Employer-migrant worker relationships in the Middle East: Exploring scope for internal labour market mobility and fair migration.
This paper offers a way of analyzing the employer-migrant worker relationship under the kafala sponsorship system. It argues that reforming the sponsorship systems in a way which disassociates a worker’s immigration status from their employer’s control, and enables a migrant worker to resign or terminate his/ her employment contract by giving reasonable notice and without losing valid immigration status, can have significant economic, social and administrative benefits. The paper also presents a series of suggested evidence-based policy measures for reform of current sponsorship systems, which may enhance internal labour market mobility and promote fair migration.
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ILO
ISBN: 9789221306771

Counting pennies: A review of official development assistance to end violence against children.
Every child deserves to grow up in a safe, peaceful, nurturing and enabling environment. But this is not the case for millions of children across the world that experience violence every day.  Violence against children costs up to US$7 trillion a year. This report estimates that in 2015, US$238 million was spent on projects that fully address violence against children. The main recommendation from this study is for individual donors to systematically track spending to end violence against children as a separate category.
Bibliographic info:

IOM Middle East and North Africa Regional Strategy 2017–2020.
In its 2017‒2020 Strategy for MENA, IOM follows the principles and objectives of the Migration Governance Framework, which was endorsed by IOM Member States in 2015.3 The present document also outlines sub-regional priorities for North Africa, the Mashreq and the Gulf countries. Lastly, the strategy specifies crosscutting issues and institutional principles that IOM adheres to throughout its work to maximize organizational effectiveness.
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM

Understanding masculinities: Results from The International Men and Gender Equality Survey.
How are men of all ages, and younger men compared to older men, reacting to the gradual but significant improvement in the position of women and girls in the region? The study examines men’s – and women’s – attitudes and practices related to a range of key issues, including support for gender equality, support for women’s rights policies, household decision-making, use of various forms of gender-based violence in the Middle East and North Africa.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UN Women

The impact of disasters on agriculture: Addressing the information gap.
In developing countries, agriculture absorbs 23 percent of the total damage and losses. In between 2005 and 2014, approximately USD 93 billion was lost in crop and livestock production due to natural hazards and disasters in developing countries. This affects food security and causes additional disruptions throughout the value chains. A thorough analysis of existing trends in agricultural production and related distortions in production volumes and patterns due to disasters is a key starting point. The report also highlighted the need for deeper analysis, more thorough data and the construction of a coherent information system.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO

New UN Publications: April 2017

Jobs Make the Difference – Expanding Economic Opportunities for Syrian Refugees and Host Communities.
More than 11 million Syrians have been displaced.  Host communities throughout the region and within Syria have been generous in their support for refugees and internally displaced people.  For example, under the umbrella of P4P, Germany supported the creation of more than 60,000 jobs in the region during 2016. These projects enable both refugees and host communities to find employment. The report provides pragmatic, empirically grounded evidence to support efforts by the three key actors—host nations, the international donor community and the private sector—in achieving the ambitious goal of creating 1.1 million new jobs by 2018. The report also simultaneously acknowledges the responsibility partners have in taking measures now to mitigate dangerous survival strategies for the most vulnerable.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WFP/ILO/UNDP
ISBN: 978 921 126423 4

Global citizenship education: topics and learning objectives.
UNESCO has produced the Global Citizenship Education: Topics and Learning Objectives following the global dialogue between decision-makers, leading experts and innovative practitioners to offer pedagogical guidance on the implementation of GCED.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN:  978-92-3-100102-4

Privacy, Free Expression and Transparency.
This issue is the seventh edition of UNESCO’s flagship series of publications of Internet Freedom. This publication explores these issues in the context of UNESCO’s new approach to Internet issues. The approach was adopted by our 195 Member States in November 2015, and is based on the Outcome Document of an earlier conference called CONNECTing the Dots. The study analyses the legal framework, current mechanisms for balancing rights, and specific issues, cases and trends. It also covered are the interplay and interactions between multiple players—e.g. the State agents, Internet users, ICT companies, civil society organizations, the judiciary and the security services.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: ISBN 978-92-3-100188-8
pp: 139

DPA 2016 Annual Report: Multi-Year Appeal.
The Multi-Year Appeal (MYA) enables the United Nations Department of Political Affairs to secure resources for vital, yet unpredictable, aspects of its work. This 2016 Annual Report details some of the progress made possible through the very generous support of our partners.  The report also highlights progress made under the goals and objectives of our 2016-2019 Strategic Plan.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UN Dep of Political Affairs

Innocenti: 2016 Results Report.
2016 saw significant achievements across all areas of Innocenti’s work, delivered by our committed team of researchers, analysts, and communications and operations specialists, working in collaboration with a wide range of partners. Evidence of the impact of our research and its uptake within and beyond the organization is visible at multiple levels – from the work of country and regional offices, to influence on government policies and global debates, incorporating children or child-related concerns into academic research and policy.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF Office of Research
ISBN: 978-88-6522-053-5

Averting risks to the food chain – A compendium of proven emergency prevention methods and tools.
FAO with its partners developed a set of tools to monitor transboundary threats, such as the Desert Locust Information Service, the Global Early Warning System for animal diseases, the Food Chaim Crisis forecasting tool, the EMPRES-i Global Animal Disease Information System, and several others. FAO is using new technologies to report and predict threats using GIS, risk modelling and mobile phone applications. FAO also manages transboundary threats through contingency planning, zoning and information on regional movement of products, animals and plants, vaccination, environmentally sound control technologies, and integrated pest management.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-109539-3
pp: 103

Integrating neglected tropical diseases in global health and development Fourth WHO report on neglected tropical diseases.
Integrating neglected tropical diseases into global health and development: fourth WHO report on neglected tropical diseases evaluates the changing global public health landscape; assesses progress towards the 2020 targets; and considers the possible core elements of a strategic vision to integrating neglected tropical diseases into the 2030 Agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals. SUMMARY
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WHO
ISBN: 978-92-4-156544-8
pp: 269

Skills for Life + Appropriate Technology for Children and Youth in Emergencies: Trainer Guide.
Research has shown that young people in schools benefit from special programmes that teach life skills. This manual does more than teach life skills, it provides training on how to make useful items from recycled items using appropriate technology. These items will help children and youth during emergencies to live a healthy and happy life.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNESCO
pp: 61