New UN Publications: November 2017

Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook Summary – Second edition.
This booklet presents a summary of the contents of the second edition of the Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook. The landscape of international climate action has changed considerably since FAO introduced the concept of climate-smart agriculture (CSA). In order to implement the 2030 Agenda, FAO member states have endorsed five principles of sustainable food and agriculture. Furthermore, to address the specific challenges climate change poses to sustainable food and agriculture, FAO promotes CSA as an approach that can transform and reorient agricultural systems to effectively support development and ensure food security in a changing climate. Still, the world’s agricultural ecosystems will not be able to deliver the 50 percent increase in demand for food and other agricultural products by 2050, if current unsustainable natural resource management practices are maintained.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-109988-9
pp. 47

A Familiar Face: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents.
All children have the right to be protected from violence inflicted on them by anyone in their lives. Yet violence against children is often rationalized as necessary or inevitable. The report uses the most current data to shed light on four specific forms of violence: violent discipline and exposure to domestic abuse during early childhood; violence at school; violent deaths among adolescents; and sexual violence in childhood and adolescence. The statistics reveal that children experience violence across all stages of childhood, in diverse settings, and often at the hands of the trusted individuals with whom they interact daily.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
ISBN: 978-92-806-4919-2
pp. 97

World Malaria Report 2017.
The 2017 World malaria report presents a comprehensive state of play in global progress in the fight against malaria up to the end of 2016. It tracks progress in investments in malaria programmes & research, malaria prevention, diagnosis and treatment, surveillance, trends in malaria disease burden, malaria elimination, and threats in tackling malaria and safeguarding the investments made. Achieving SDG Target 3.3 by 2030 is interpreted as the attainment of the GTS and AIM targets. The primary sources of information for this year’s edition of the World malaria report are reports from 94 countries.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WHO
ISBN: 978-92-4-156552-3
pp. 160

Rural Africa in motion: Dynamics and drivers of migration south of the Sahara.
Migration is deeply embedded in the permanent process of change of every society. This Atlas “Rural Africa in motion” is produced in a context where the challenges associated with large movements of refugees and migrants risk to mask the benefits of migration and its positive aspects. In 2015, UNDESA estimated that about 33 million of Africans were living outside their country of nationality, representing 14% of international migrants worldwide. The migration rates in Africa remained stable around 2% over the last 20 years. However, the demographic transition in the region has resulted in an unprecedented growth of the population, with the absolute numbers of intra-African migrants reaching about 16 million in 2015.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-109974-2
pp.60

Towards Integration, on the UK’s Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme.
UNHCR and partners studied the degree of integration achieved under the UK’s Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme (VPRS) which aims to resettle 20,000 refugees by 2020. The study showed the programme working relatively well. Nevertheless, it also highlighted areas for improvement, notably in English language provision, the need for support on the road to employment and further assistance for housing. Among the key recommendations were the establishment of a national integration strategy to better inform and guide those supporting refugees, for the benefit of this population.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNHCR/IOM
pp. 32

A promise of tomorrow: The effects of UNHCR and UNICEF cash assistance on Syrian refugees in Jordan.
As the conflict in Syria enters its seventh year, with more than 650,000 registered Syrian refugees in the country, they continue to face a highly uncertain future. And, for the most vulnerable among them, receiving cash assistance is a literal lifeline. UNHCR and UNICEF utilized a joint Vulnerability Assessment Framework (VAF) to view, with the same lens, refugee vulnerabilities in ten sectors, including areas such as shelter, health and education. The primary research found that refugee households remain highly vulnerable. Most have expenditures that exceed their reported incomes. This understanding of vulnerability is the basis for cash assistance programmes that deliver assistance to vulnerable refugees in a timely, dignified, cost effective and fraud proof manner.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF/UNHCR
pp. 131

Afghanistan Opium Survey 2017 – Cultivation and Production.
In According to the report, the area under opium poppy cultivation increased by 63% since 2016, reaching a new record high. It expanded to new regions and intensified where there was cultivation before. In 2017, 750 hectares of opium poppy were eradicated in 14 provinces (355 hectares in 7 provinces in 2016). During the 2017 eradication campaign, six lives were lost and eight persons were injured. In 2016, eight lives were lost and seven persons were injured.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNODC
pp.71

FAO’s Multipartner Programme Support Mechanism (FMM) – 2016 Annual Report.
The FAO Multipartner Programme Support Mechanism (FMM) is an important instrument supporting the Organization and its Member States achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. This annual report details results achieved, progress made and lessons-learned in 2016. In 2016, the FMM projects leveraged an additional USD 15 million for scale-up or complementary projects, fully playing its catalytic role. New strategic partnerships were established, and projects stimulated cross-sectoral work, fostering synergies and new thinking, both within and outside FAO.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-109841-7
pp. 118

National Monitoring System Report on the Situation of Internally Displaced Persons – September 2017.
The objective of the National Monitoring System (NMS) in Ukraine, drawing from IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) approach, is to support the Government of Ukraine in collecting and analysing information on the socio-economic characteristics of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and IDP households, as well as the challenges they face. The survey collected information on socio-economic characteristics of IDPs at individual and household levels, including trends and movement intentions, employment and livelihood opportunities, access to social services and assistance needs in 24 oblasts of Ukraine and the city of Kyiv.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM
pp. 39