New UN Publications: September 2017

Manila Earthquake: Pre-Crisis Information Mapping Survey and Consultation.
The general objective of the pre-crisis information mapping survey and consultation is to better understand and validate information on the vulnerabilities, capacities, and preferences on the type of relief and humanitarian assistance that the community may need once a 7.2 magnitude earthquake hits Manila. Complementing the earthquake preparedness initiatives by the identified local government, at-risk communities, and other non-government organizations in Metro Manila, the mapping and consultation exercise analyzed the actual needs of the most vulnerable, marginalized, less visible, and less vocal members of the at-risk communities.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: OCHA
pp.53

Early Moments Matter for Every Child.
This  new global report on early childhood development, shows that the period from conception to the start of school opens a critical and singular window of opportunity to shape the development of a child’s brain. Unfortunately, many millions of children around the world are deprived of the ingredients that foster optimal brain development. But it is time to do more. It is time to pick up the pace of progress and transform our knowledge about early childhood development into investments and interventions that support families, communities and nations.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
ISBN: 9 789280 649017
pp. 84

Trade and Development Report 2017.
The Trade and Development Report 2017 argues that now is the ideal time to crowd in private investment with the help of a concerted fiscal push – a global new deal – to get the growth engines revving again, and at the same time help rebalance economies and societies that, after three decades of hyperglobalization, are seriously out of kilter. However, in today’s world of mobile finance and liberalized economic policies, no country can do this on its own without risking capital flight, a currency collapse and the threat of a deflationary spiral. What is needed, therefore, is a globally coordinated strategy of expansion led by increased public expenditures, with all countries being offered the opportunity of benefiting from a simultaneous boost to their domestic and external markets.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNCTAD
ISBN: 978-92-1-112913-7
pp.169

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) Report.
This year’s edition of The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World marks the beginning of a regular monitoring of progress towards achieving the food security and nutrition targets set by the 2030 Agenda.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO
ISBN: 978-92-5-109888-2
pp.119

How to Make ‘Cash Plus’ Work: Linking Cash Transfers to Services and Sectors.
The broad-ranging benefits of cash transfers are now widely recognized. However, the evidence base highlights that they often fall short in achieving longer-term and second-order impacts related to nutrition, learning outcomes and morbidity. This paper aims to identify key factors for successful implementation of these increasingly popular‘cash plus’ programmes, based on (i) a review of the emerging evidence base of ‘cash plus’ interventions and (ii) an examination of three case studies, namely, Chile Solidario in Chile, IN-SCT in Ethiopia and LEAP in Ghana. The analysis was guided by a conceptual framework proposing a menu of ‘cash plus’ components. The assessment of three case studies indicated that effective implementation of ‘cash plus’ components has indeed contributed to greater impacts of the respective programmes.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNICEF
eISSN: 2520-6796
pp.42

Journey to Extremism in Africa.
The expanding reach and destructive consequences of violent extremism are among the major challenges to peace faced in today’s world. In Africa, 33,300 fatalities are estimated to have been caused by extremism between 2011 and 2016. This study has been a complex two-year intervention explicitly designed to respond to knowledge and evidence gaps – building on our earlier work exploring perceptions on radicalization, violence and insecurity in the Sahel. Specifically, it aims to generate improved understanding about the incentives and drivers of violent extremism, as expressed by recruits to the continent’s deadliest groups themselves. It presents important findings about violent extremism in Africa with direct implications for policy and programming.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNDP
pp. 112

 

Integrated Context Analysis (ICA): On Vulnerability to Food Insecurity and Natural Hazards – Pakistan, 2017.
‘Integrated Context Analysis’, is an ordinate, globally adopted and proven programmatic tool of immense value to the decision makers. It is meaningful from multiple standpoints particularly for those associated with food security and natural disasters. Both long term and short term programmatic intervention are suggested in the report. The Report provides a solid foundation to more effectively inform the programming, targeting and decision making of medium-term and long-term broad programmatic strategies regarding social safety net, disaster risk reduction, early warning and disaster preparedness.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WFP/FAO
pp.118

More Than One-Half of Children and Adolescents Are Not Learning Worldwide.
In This paper presents the first estimates for a key target of Sustainable Development Goal 4, which requires primary and secondary education that lead to relevant and effective learning outcomes. By developing a new methodology and database, the UIS has produced a global snapshot of the learning situation facing children and adolescents who are in school and out. The data show the critical need to improve the quality of education while expanding access to ensure that no one is left behind. The paper also discusses the importance of benchmarking and the concept of minimum proficiency levels.

Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNESCO
pp.24

Harmonizing the Legal Environment for Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights. A review of 23 countries in East and Southern Africa.
Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is an intrinsic part of an adolescent’s development and a fundamental right for all. The study reviews the laws, policies and related frameworks in 23 countries in East and Southern Africa (ESA) that create either impediments to, or an enabling environment for, adolescent SRHR. The assessment resulted in the development of a harmonized regional legal framework, which translates international and regional legal provisions into useful strategies. It gives recommendations based on applicable core legal values and principles gleaned from a range of conventions, charters, political commitments, guidelines and declarations. This document provides a summary of findings from the comprehensive study and key recommendations for further legal reform to improve the SRH of adolescents and young people across the region.

 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNFPA
pp.23