“10 Solutions to Help Meet the SDGs in Asia and the Pacific.”
This is a story of people and countries already on the way towards realizing the promises of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Progress has of course not come without challenges: a widening divide between the wealthiest and poorest people, consumption and production patterns that threaten people and the environment, and the world’s greatest vulnerability to natural disasters. This publication shows how transformation can work. The stories on the following pages have all yielded lasting, far-reaching results, and accelerated early progress on multiple SDGs.
“Myth-busting? Confronting Six Common Perceptions about Unconditional Cash Transfers as a Poverty Reduction Strategy in Africa.”
This paper summarizes evidence on six perceptions associated with cash transfer programming, using eight rigorous evaluations conducted on large-scale government unconditional cash transfers in sub-Saharan Africa, under the Transfer Project. Specifically, we investigate if transfers: 1) induce higher spending on alcohol or tobacco; 2) are fully consumed (rather than invested); 3) create dependency (reduce participation in productive activities); 4) increase fertility; 5) lead to negative community-level economic impacts (including price distortion and inflation), and 6) are fiscally unsustainable. We present evidence refuting each claim, leading to the conclusion that these perceptions – insofar as they are utilized in policy debates – undercut potential improvements in well-being and livelihood strengthening among the poor, which these programs can bring about in sub-Saharan Africa, and globally. We conclude by underscoring outstanding research gaps and policy implications for the continued expansion of unconditional cash transfers in the region and beyond.
“Every child counts: understanding the needs and perspectives of children with disabilities in the State of Palestine, December 2016.”
Children with disabilities (CWDs) are one of the most marginalized and excluded groups of children. This situation analysis and needs assessment, commissioned by UNICEF State of Palestine, adopts a lifecycle approach that captures difference at the individual, family and community levels. It pays attention to differences in age, gender, disability type and family characteristics, and explores how Palestinian CWDs are marginalized and excluded, the obstacles they face in fulfilling their rights and what mechanisms might be put into place by the government, donors and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), communities and families to better support their development and their rights.
“Global Trends – Forced displacement in 2016.”
The Report is published every year to analyze the changes in UNHCR’s populations of concern and deepen public understanding of ongoing crises. UNHCR counts and tracks the numbers of refugees, internally displaced people, people who have returned to their countries or areas of origin, asylum-seekers, stateless people and other populations of concern to UNHCR. These data are kept up to date and analyzed in terms of various criteria, such as where people are, their age and whether they are male or female. This process is extremely important in order to meet the needs of refugees and other populations of concern across the world and the data help organizations and States to plan their humanitarian response. The data presented are based on information available as of 15 May 2017 unless otherwise indicated.
“UNICEF Annual Report 2016.”
This report details the results achieved by UNICEF for and with children worldwide in 2016. It covers the organization’s programme work, humanitarian action, partnerships and advocacy efforts in all strategic sectors, with an emphasis on reaching every child and accelerating progress for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged girls and boys. The report also highlights UNICEF’s innovations, its efforts to improve efficiency and effectiveness, and the stories of individual children and families directly affected by UNICEF’s work in the course of its 70th anniversary year.
“Reducing global poverty through universal primary and secondary education.”
The eradication of poverty and the provision of equitable and inclusive quality education for all are two intricately linked Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As this year’s High Level Political Forum focuses on prosperity and poverty reduction, this paper, shows why education is so central to the achievement of the SDGs and presents the latest estimates on out-of school children, adolescents and youth to demonstrate how much is at stake.
“Final Report on the Health-Related Millennium Development Goals in the Region of the Americas.”
This review concludes by looking ahead, beyond 2015. It also summarizes the remaining challenges, highlighting the persistent high maternal, neonatal, and child mortality rates in some countries, especially among the poorest and those in the most vulnerable of situations, where the highest rates of chronic malnutrition also persist. By acknowledging these remaining challenges, one deduces there is a need for more universalization of social policies to address local gaps, particularly gaps masked by national and regional averages. The last part of this document includes a set of suggested initiatives, the execution of which will help achieve the health-related SDG 3 and boost the generation of reliable evidence to support effective decision-making.