New UN Publications: December 2016

The Least Developed Countries Report 2016.
Graduation is the process through which a country ceases to be an LDC, having in principle overcome the structural handicaps that warrant special support from the international community, beyond that generally granted to other developing countries. However, the Report argues that it should be regarded, not as a winning post, but rather as a milestone in a country’s long-term economic and social development. Thus, the focus should not be on graduation itself, but rather on “graduation with momentum”, which will lay the foundations for long-term development and allow potential pitfalls to be avoided far beyond the country’s exit from the LDC category.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNCTAD
ISBN: 978-92-1-112905-2
pp.189

Global Wage Report 2016/17: Wage inequality in the workplace.
This report analyses the evolution of real wages around the world, giving a unique picture of wage trends globally and by region. The 2016/17 edition examines inequality at the workplace level, providing empirical evidence on the extent to which wage inequality is the result of wage inequality between enterprises as well as within enterprises. The report also includes a review of key policy issues regarding wages.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: ILO
ISBN: 978-92-2-130928-4
pp.131

Global report on Trafficking in Persons 2016.
The 2016 UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons is the third of its kind mandated by the General Assembly through the 2010 United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons. It covers 136 countries and provides an overview of patterns and flows of trafficking in persons at global, regional and national levels, based primarily on trafficking cases detected between 2012 and 2014. As UNODC has been systematically collecting data on trafficking in persons for more than a decade, trend information is presented for a broad range of indicators.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNODC
ISBN: 978-92-1-130339-1
pp. 121

Soils and Pulses: Symbiosis for Life.
This publication aims to provide an overview to decision makers and practitioners of the main scientific facts, information and technical recommendations regarding the symbiosis between soils and pulses. It highlights how good practices may be put in place to support ending hunger and malnutrition, adapting to climate change, halting land degradation and achieving overall sustainable development.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-109501-0
pp. 104

Better Protecting Refugees in the EU and Globally.
The European Union (EU) needs a bold, imaginative and workable approach to overcome fragmentation and manage refugee movements effectively in accordance with international law. This paper provides a vision for how this could be achieved both within the EU and globally.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNHCR
pp.24

Global Humanitarian Overview 2017.
For 2017, humanitarian partners will require $22.2 billion to meet the needs of 92.8 million people in 33 countries. The initial appeal for 2016 stood at $20.1 billion to meet the needs of 87.6 million people in 37 countries. This is in stark contrast to the $2.7 billion called for in the first six inter-agency humanitarian appeals launched in 1992.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: OCHA
pp.25

2016 CERF in Action Global Displacement.
The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) continues to be a critical enabler of effective, timely and life-saving humanitarian action.  More than 65 million people are internally displaced; refugees or asylum seekers and more people are displaced within countries. Therefore, to ensure that CERF keeps pace with the escalating needs and remains an effective tool able to address the growing scale, the Sec-Gen has called for CERF’s funding level to be doubled to US$1 billion by 2018. A $1 billion CERF is neither an ambition nor a convenient target; it is an absolute bare minimum for a world in which more than 130 million people require urgent humanitarian assistance and 24 people are forced from their homes every minute.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: CERF
pp.20

2016 Asia and the Pacific Regional Overview of Food Insecurity – Investing in a Zero Hunger Generation.
The report shows that despite good progress being made by many countries in tackling malnutrition, the overall rate of progress is less than desired, and there are several countries and subregions where the prevalence rates are still very high.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: FAO
ISBN: 978-92-5-109514-0
pp.64

Marine Debris: Understanding, Preventing and Mitigating the Significant Adverse Impacts on Marine and Coastal Biodiversity.
The Marine debris, from both land-based and sea-based sources, has tangible and wide-reaching impacts, affecting marine areas all over the world. The urgent need to address marine debris has emerged as a global priority in recent years. This report is an important synthesis of the best available knowledge on marine debris and the tools and approaches available to tackle the issue. Importantly, however, it also highlights the many gaps in knowledge and opportunities for scaled-up interventions involving a wide range of stakeholders and addressing different aspects of policy and management, including related to production and consumption.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNEP/CBD
ISBN: 978-9292256258
pp.81

IOM Migration Research Series No. 52.
Summary report on the MIPEX health strand and country reports
The Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX) Health strand is a questionnaire designed to supplement the existing seven strands of the MIPEX, which in its latest edition (2015). This report shows that many studies have already been carried out on migrant health policies, but because they tend to select different countries, concepts, categories and methods of measurement, it is difficult to integrate and synthesize all these findings. It also describes the conceptual framework underlying the questionnaire and the way in which aspects of policy were operationalized and scored in the 38 indicators.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM
ISBN: 978-92-9068-731-3
pp.109

Assessing the Evidence: Migration, Environment and Climate Change in Morocco.
As a polymorphic migratory profile and a climate-vulnerable country, Morocco is particularly concerned with environmentally induced mobility. This report: (a) carefully lists both the slow-onset and the sudden-onset climate impacts and (where possible) points to migratory movements and trends connected to or induced by these impacts; (b) discusses the state of different policy areas with respect to environmental migration, their interconnectedness and their potential for further development; and (c) assesses the state of research and identifies major knowledge gaps that should be filled through future research.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM
pp.59

Assessing the Evidence: Opportunities and challenges of migration in building resilience against climate change in the Republic of Mauritius.
The World Risk Report (UNU, 2015) ranks the Republic of Mauritius seventh among the 15 most exposed countries to natural hazards. This study analyses the prospects that migration could offer to mitigate the effects of climate change both in the short run and over the long term for the Republic of Mauritius. These migration dynamics must be put in perspective to encompass climate change threats besides addressing socioeconomic, political and demographic challenges.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: IOM
pp.82

RA tool for strengthening gender-sensitive national HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) monitoring and evaluation systems.
The health challenges faced by women and men, and girls and boys, differ across contexts, as do efforts to address them. This tool aims to provide guidance on how to generate evidence on gender inequality and HIV or SRH. This document aims to assist countries in strengthening systems for national monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of HIV and sexual and reproductive health. It enables the generation of strategic information that supports mainstreaming gender in national plans and programs. The tool is structured into four modules offering practical and concrete aids, such as checklists, examples and tables.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: WHO, UNAIDS
ISBN: 978 92 4 151037 0
pp.111

UNWTO Annual Report 2015.
Over one billion tourists travelled internationally in 2015. It is up to all involved sector to seize over one billion opportunities for sustainable development, in line with the post-2015 development framework and the SDGs. In this crucial new chapter of global development, UNWTO will continue to work to harness tourism’s full potential on economies, societies and the environment. Download the 2015 UNWTO Annual Report to learn more about what we did to promote and advance tourism’s contribution to sustainable development and inclusive economic growth in destinations around the world in 2015.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNWTO
ISBN: 978-92-844-1802-2
pp.92

Strategic report on environment, peace and security: a convergence of threats.
The report focuses on the links between global environmental crime, valued at USD 91 – 258 billion annually, and other criminal activities, including organized crime and terrorism. The report recommends, among others: a multidisciplinary approach to tackling environmental crime; greater information exchange across sectors; increased focus on the implementation of environmental policy; and stronger financial support including through Official Development Assistance. The report’s publication follows the resolution adopted at the 71st session of the UN General Assembly in November which calls for enhanced cooperation between the UN and INTERPOL against transnational crime and terrorism.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher: UNEP/INTERPOL
pp.72

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) for Youth.
This resource explains why CEDAW is important to youth, describes CEDAW’s impact in advancing gender equality and human rights for women and girls around the world, and summarizes the articles of CEDAW, including the specific forms of discrimination that must be ended and how CEDAW is implemented and monitored.
 
Bibliographic info:
Publisher:  UN WOMEN
pp.20