“World Cities Report 2016”
The analysis of urban development of the past twenty years presented in this maiden edition of the World Cities Report shows, with compelling evidence, that there are new forms of collaboration and cooperation, planning, governance, finance and learning that can sustain positive change. The Report unequivocally demonstrates that the current urbanization model is unsustainable in many respects. It conveys a clear message that the pattern of urbanization needs to change in order to better respond to the challenges of our time, to address issues such as inequality, climate change, informality, insecurity, and the unsustainable forms of urban expansion.
“World Health Statistics 2016: Monitoring health for the SDGs”
The World Health Statistics series is WHO’s annual compilation of health statistics for its 194 Member States. World Health Statistics 2016 focuses on the proposed health and health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets. It represents an initial effort to bring together available data on SDG health and health-related indicators. In the current absence of official goal-level indicators, summary measures of health such as (healthy) life expectancy are used to provide a general assessment of the situation.
“World Wildlife Crime Report”
The trafficking of wildlife is increasingly recognized as both a specialized area of organized crime and a significant threat to many plant and animal species. The World Wildlife Crime Report takes stock of the present wildlife crime situation with a focus on illicit trafficking of specific protected species of wild fauna and flora, and provides a broad assessment of the nature and extent of the problem at the global level. It includes a quantitative market assessment and a series of in-depth illicit trade case studies.
“Community Resilience: Resilient Financing: The Economic Costs of Natural Disasters, The Case Study of 2014 Floods in Serbia”
Investment in the prevention of disasters can have remarkable eff ects on avoiding loss of life and reducing human tragedy. Such investments can also provide considerable economic benefi ts and cost savings to host countries which would otherwise be saddled with increased expenditures post-disaster. This report is focused on the case of the floods which hit Serbia in May 2014, and analyzes statistical data to compare expenditures on prevention with expenditures on response and recovery in the country as it recovered.
“A Gendered Perspective: Safety, Dignity and Privacy of Camp and Camp-like Settings in Iraq”
The findings presented in this report highlight gender considerations for humanitarian actors in Iraq, particularly in setting up camps, capacitating or rehabilitating informal and formal camp-like settings, and on-sit assessments. The challenges faced by IDP women and girls are multi-sectorial and therefore should be taken into account across programming components. As the plight of men, women, boys and girls continues with the changing dynamics of the violent conflict in Iraq, IOM encourages collaboration and coordination among humanitarian partners, as well as acting upon and extensively sharing the report’s information and recommendations in order to address its key issues and capitalize on its findings.
“World Economic Situation and Prospects as of mid-2016”
Economic activity in the world economy remains lack lustre, with little prospect for a turnaround in 2016, says the United Nations World Economic Situation and Prospects as of mid-2016 report, launched todayAccording to the report, world gross product will grow by just 2.4 per cent in 2016, the same pace as in 2015, marking a downward revision of 0.5 percentage points from UN forecasts released in December 2015. Persistent weakness in aggregate demand in developed economies remains a drag on global growth, while low commodity prices, mounting fiscal and current account imbalances and policy tightening have further dampened prospects for many commodity-exporting economies in Africa, the Commonwealth of Independent States and Latin America and the Caribbean. This has been compounded by severe weather-related shocks, political challenges and large capital outflows in many developing regions.
“The Adaptation Gap Finance Report 2016”
UNEP’s Adaptation Gap Report series focuses on Finance, Technology and Knowledge gaps in climate change adaptation. It compliments the Emissions Gap Report series, and explores the implications of failing to close the emissions gap. The report builds on a 2014 assessment by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which laid out the concept of ‘adaptation gaps’ and outlined three such gaps: technology, finance and knowledge.
“Shelter Design Catalogue”
Shelter is contextual and there exists no ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution which can be applied worldwide. Whilst emergency phase responses often involve the provision of tents or emergency shelter, it is essential to ensure that shelter assistance programmes can evolve toward more durable and sustainable solutions maximizing, wherever possible, the use of local material, skills and building techniques. This catalogue presents a number of shelter designs developed across a variety of locations, contexts and climates. While the collection of designs presented is by no means exhaustive, the publication aims to assist sector specialists in implementing a phased shelter response through more predictable planning and implementation.
“Plates, pyramids, planet: Developments in national healthy and sustainable dietary guidelines: a state of play assessment”
Our food system and consumption practices have, since prehistoric times, shaped and transformed our world and our societies. There have been enormous advances – in agricultural practice and in systems of storage, distribution and retailing – that have enabled population growth and improved diets for many. But these developments have also carried severe costs. While the tools and actions needed to achieve the necessary changes in diets are many, this report specifically considers the role of national level dietary guidelines in providing a steer on what dietary patterns that are both healthy and sustainable look like.
“Food and Agriculture: Key to Achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”
The 21st century faces multiple and complex challenges. The new 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda galvanizes and commits the International community to act together to surmount them and trasform our world for today’s and future generations.
“UNEP Frontiers 2016 Report: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern Part 1”
“UNEP Frontiers 2016 Report: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern Part 2”
Over the past 10 years, UNEP has endeavoured to identify and highlight emerging issues of global concern This new UNEP Frontiers report advances this work, signalling environmental issues and solutions for effective and timely response. The UNEP Frontiers 2016 edition presents six emerging issues. It highlights, for example, that the global significance of the financial sector should not confine itself only to enhancing global economic growth, but also to advancing environmental sustainability. It presents a number of emerging financial initiatives led by the financial sector as innovative solutions to sustainability challenges.
“Zika virus technical report. Interim Risk Assessment for WHO European Region”
On 1 February 2016, the WHO Director-General declared that recent clusters of cases of microcephaly and neurological disorders associated with Zika virus disease constitute a public health emergency of international concern under the International Health Regulations (2005). In light of the current widespread outbreak occurring in Latin America and the Caribbean, the risk for Zika virus importation and spread in the European Region should not be underestimated. To support countries in the European Region in targeting preparedness work and to guide prioritization of activities, the risk for a Zika virus disease outbreak was assessed.
“The situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories: Report of the Director-General”
The report presents the situation of workers in the occupied Arab territories. The situation of these workers remains precarious. The occupation, which will next year enter its sixth decade, is omnipresent in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza continues to be sealed off. Palestinian growth has been weak, unemployment and poverty are pervasive. Donor support has declined. Negotiations to overcome the Palestinian divide have not yet yielded tangible results. The rebuilding of Gaza after the destructive war of 2014 is proceeding only slowly.
“Food Systems and Natural Resources”
This report was prepared by the Working Group on Food Systems of the International Resource Panel (IRP). This report is an effort to account and look at how we are using and managing food rersources and the consequences of that management and the options to improve the efficiency with which they are managed. In this report, the IRP proposes a new way of looking at food, one that moves from a compartmentalized vision to a more comprehensive, complex yet realistic approach. The authors provide solid evidence on the need to transition to more ‘resource-smart food systems’, an imperative for the achievement of at least 12 out of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
“Attacks on Health Care”
Currently there is no publicly available source of consolidated information on attacks on healthcare in emergencies. This report is a first attempt to consolidate and analyse the data that is available from open sources. While the data are not comprehensive, the findings shed light on the severity and frequency of the problem.
“From the Istanbul Programme of Action to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”
From the Istanbul Programme of Action to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a contribution by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) to the deliberations of the Midterm Review of the Istanbul Programme of Action for Least Developed Countries (LDCs), to be held in Antalya, Turkey, from 27 to 29 May 2016. The Istanbul Programme of Action has provided impetus to building productive capacities in LDCs and achieving graduation from that status through structural transformation. The Programme also stresses reducing the vulnerabilities of these countries to various shocks, such as the food, fuel and financial crises, which affected all countries in late 2000, as well as to climate change-related risks.
“World Heritage and Tourism in a Changing Climate”
There are more than 1 000 World Heritage properties in 163 countries and a great many of them are important tourist destinations. This report shows that World Heritage properties provide opportunities for both climate mitigation and adaptation. But, World Heritage sites are vulnerable to climate change. The report reveals that the need to act is both urgent and clear. We must reduce greenhouse gas emissions in line with the Paris Agreement while providing the financial resources, support and expertise necessary to ensure the resilience of Worl Heritage properties over the long term.
“Science, technology and innovation for sustainable development in Asia and the Pacific: Policy Approaches for Least Developed Countries ”
Despite consensus on the transformative potential of science, technology and innovation (STI), there remains a lack of clarity on how Least Developed Countries (LDCs) can effectively implement it for inclusive and sustainable development. This publication highlights four key innovation policy options which have the potential to enable LDCs to reap the benefits of innovation in a cost-effective manner. First, LDCs must mobilize all available talent towards sustainable development if the ambitions of the 2030 Agenda are to be met. Second, the rule of law and STI are inextricably linked. An enabling environment that encourages and protects risk-taking, and a secure investment climate are vital components of an innovation system. Third, it will be critical to incentivize investment from sources such as foreign direct investment (FDI) and impact investment and align all available sources of STI finance towards sustainable development. Fourth, creating open and inclusive innovative knowledge economies will be critical. Enabling international mobility, international technology transfer and participating in the regional and global innovation agendas will support national innovation capacity development.